Hummingbirds found in the USA (by U.S.
State) ... Canada ... Puerto RicoPuerto Rico ... Jamaica ... Honduras
The following hummingbird species are
known to occur in Missouri (with photos and ID assistance).
WHITE Hummingbird Sightings (Leucistic /
Albino) - Rare Sightings
(Archilochus colubris) - Native Breeder. The only
hummingbird to nest in Missouri and by far Missouri's smallest bird, Most arrive
in late April and remain until August to late September. Frequently visit bird
feeders. Some are resident (remain over the winter.)
Migrating males are
usually the first to arrive and the first to depart. The females and the young
usually follow about two weeks later.
male has a ruby-red throat, a white collar, an emerald
green back and a forked tail.
The female has a green back and tail feathers that are
banded white, black and grey-green.
Anna's Hummingbirds (Calypte anna) -
One of the larger
and the most vocal hummingbirds in the
United States, where it is the only species to produce a song; specifically the
males produce a complex series of scratchy noises, sounding like a sharp
"chee-chee-chee; when moving from flower to flower, they emit toneless
"chip" vocalizations. All other hummingbirds in the United States are mostly
They are well known for their territorial
behavior; the male makes elaborate dive displays at other birds and
sometimes even at people. At the bottom of their dives, they produce
high-pitched loud popping sounds with their tail
Males have glossy dark
rose-red throats and crowns, which may appear black or dark purple in low light.
The underside is mostly greyish; and the back metallic green.
Females have light grey chests with white and red spotting on
the throat, greenish back and white tipped tails.
They resemble the Costa's Hummingbirds, but the male's Costa's Hummingbird's gorget (throat
feathers) is longer than that of the Anna's. They are larger than the Rufous Hummingbirds and lack the rusty
coloration of the Rufous
Hummingbirds, Selasphorus sasin - Accidental
Vagrants - First record of an immature male banded in Fenton, MO on November 27,
2008. Historically, these birds nested in coastal California and
wintered in Mexico; but more and more of them are remaining in California
year-round or are traveling to the eastern United States for the winter. The
Allen's Hummingbird is often confused with the Rufous Hummingbird, but the Allen's can be identified by the green back whereas the Rufous Hummingbird has a coppery
The male has a throat that ranges in
color from orange-red to yellow-orange, a back that is bright green, a rump that
is rufous and its tail
feathers are rufous tipped in black.
(Archilochus alexandri) - Accidental
The male has a black,
shimmering throat with a purple edge and pale feathers below that create a
collar. However, unless the light is just right, the head looks all black. His
back is green and there are some green feathers covering the chest.
The female is pale below (sometimes with a slightly speckled
throat) and her back is green.
Hummingbirds (Stellula calliope) - Accidental Vagrants
The smallest breeding bird in North
They are most easily confused with the Rufous Hummingbirds and the Broad-tailed
Violetear Hummingbirds (Colibri thalassinus) - Rare /
Accidental - They are mostly resident in Mexico and Central America,
but some seasonal movements have been observed. They may wander north to the
United States and even as far north as Canada.
If you see a
hummingbird that doesn't appear to be any of the above, please e-mail comments /
images to: [email protected]. Thanks!
Species Research by Sibylle
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