Thursday, Oct 2, 2014

Hybrid Macaws & Mutations

 

Macaw Information ... Photos of the Different Macaw Species for Identification ... Common Health Problems / Diseases ... Macaw Diet / Nutrition

Camelot Macaw Hybrid

Harlequin Macaw Hybrid

Camelot Macaw Hybrids

Hybrid crosses occurred in captivity where different species of macaws were allowed, or intentionally set up, to interbreed.

More than 35 different macaw hybrids occurred ...

  • First Generation (F1) Hybrids: ~15 known hybrids

  • Second Generation (F2) Hybrids: ~16

  • Third Generation (F3 or more) Hybrids: ~5

Photos Wanted! Please e-mail photos and information about heritage to webmaster

Practice of Hybridization

Cross-breeding a bird with a different species of birds produces hybrids. Many aviculturists frown upon this practice as they feel that it is detrimental to the purity of bloodlines.

Hybrids are typical macaws, with the only difference from true species being their genetics and their colors. They tend to have intermediate characteristics between the parents', though the appearance seems to be influenced more by the father's genes.

Common hybrids include:

  • Harlequins (Ara ararauna x chloroptera) and
  • Catalinas (known as Rainbows in Australia, Ara ararauna x macao).

Harlequin Macaw Hybrid

Mutations

Color Mutations are still considered "pure" birds. They occur in nature, although rarely and if they do, they often don't survive long, if the "new color" is too vibrant and they are easily visible by predators.

Color mutations in captivity are perpetuated by breeding like colored birds to like colored birds (of two birds that carry the color gene). The resultant offspring will often be the color that is desired.

Camelot Macaw Hybrid

Hybrid Macaw Types

Photos Wanted! Please e-mail photos and information about heritage to webmaster

First Generation Macaw Hybrids

Hybrid macaws are often named by combining the species names of their parents, such as:

Parent 1 Parent 2 Chicks:
     
Blue and Gold Macaw Buffons Macaw Bluffon's Macaws
    Bl + uffon
     
Buffons Macaw Green-wing Macaw Buffwing Macaws
    Buff + wing
     
Hyacinth Macaw Scarlet Macaw Hyacinth x Scarlet (hybrid) Macaws
     
Military Macaw Blue and Gold Macaw Miligold Macaws
    Mili + gold

milligold hybrid macaw

     
Military Macaw Buffons Macaw Miliffons Macaws
    Mili + ffons
     
Military Macaw Hyacinth Macaw Milicinth Macaws
    Mili + cinth
     

However, sometimes breeders named their hybrid offspring based on physical characteristics. Typically this is based on the color of their plumage - such as "Verde" or "Emerald" macaws that are essentially green-plumaged, or "Ruby Macaws" are named for their ruby-red plumages; or the Calicos appear to have been named for the plumage's tri-colored characteristics (Red, Green and Blue).

Parent 1 Parent 2 Chicks:
     
Blue and Gold Macaw Green-wing Macaw Harlequin Macaws
     
Blue and Gold Macaw Hyacinth Macaw Caloshua Macaws
 
Blue and Gold Macaw Red-fronted Macaw Maui Sunset Macaws
 
Blue and Gold Macaw Scarlet Macaw Catalina Macaws (US) or
Rainbow Macaws (Australia)
Harlequin Macaw Hybrid
     
Buffon's Macaw Scarlet Macaw Verde Macaws
     
Buffon's Macaw Hyacinth Macaw Emerald Macaws
     
Green-wing Macaw Military Macaw Calico Macaws
 
Green-wing Macaw Scarlet Macaw Ruby Macaws
     
Military Macaw Scarlet Macaw Shamrock Macaws
 

Second + Generation Macaw Hybrids

Naming with 2nd Generation Hybrid Macaws can be quite basic:

Parent 1 x Parent 2, such as:

Parent 1 Parent 2 Chicks:
     
Blue and Gold Macaw Ruby (hybrid) Blue and Gold x Ruby Macaws (?)
     
Calico Macaw (hybrid) Blue and Gold Macaw Blue and Gold x Calico Macaws
     
Camelot Macaw (2nd Generation hybrid) Catalina Macaw (hybrid) Camelina Macaws
    Came + lina
     
Catalina Macaw (hybrid) Blue and Gold Macaw Catablu Macaws
    Cata-blu
     
Harlequin Macaw (hybrid) Shamrock Macaw (hybrid) Harlequin x Shamrock Macaws
     
Hyacinth Macaw and a Scarlet Macaw Hyacinth Macaw and a Scarlet Macaw Hyacinth x Scarlet Macaws
     
Miligold Macaw (hybrid) Catalina Macaw (hybrid) Milicat Macaws
    Mili + cat
     

Ruby Macaw (hybrid)

Catalina Macaw (hybrid) Rubalina Macaws
    Rub + alina
     
Scarlet Macaw Shamrock Macaw (hybrid) Scarlet x Shamrock Macaws
     
Shamrock Macaw Catalina Macaw Shamalina Macaws
    Sham + alina
     

Creative Naming: They either combine names or come up with names that are mostly based in physical characteristics of the hybrid young. (hybrids = 1st generation unless mentioned otherwise).

Parent 1 Parent 2 Chicks:
     
Camelot Macaw Harlequin Macaw (hybrid) Fiesta Macaws
     
Camelot Macaw Scarlet Macaw Capri Macaws
     
Green-wing Macaw Calico Macaw (hybrid) Cameo Macaws
     
Catalina Macaw (hybrid) Green-wing Macaw Flame Macaws
     
Catalina Macaw (hybrid) Scarlet Macaw Camelot Macaw
     
Camelot Macaw Hybrid
     
Harlequin Macaw (hybrid) Blue and Gold Macaw Harligold Macaws
     
Harlequin Macaw (hybrid) Catalina Macaw (hybrid) Maui Sunrise Macaws
     
Harlequin Macaw (hybrid) Green-wing Macaw Jubilee Macaws

Jubilee Macaw

Jubilee Hybrid MacawHybrid Macaw

Harlequin Macaw (hybrid)

Ruby Macaw (hybrid) Quatro Macaws
     
Harlequin Macaw (hybrid) Scarlet Macaw Tropicana Macaws
 
Shamrock Macaw Catalina Macaw Shamalina Macaws
     
Miligold Macaw (hybrid) Scarlet Macaw Starlight Macaws
     

Harlequin Macaw HybridCamelot Macaw Hybrid ChicksCamelot Macaw Hybrid

Back: Blue and  Gold Macaw - Front: Hybrid Macaw

Species Research by Sibylle Johnson

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