Saturday, Jul 26, 2014

Kakariki or Kākāriki

Kakariki Photo Gallery

KakarikiThe Kākāriki or New Zealand parakeets are the most common species of parakeet in the genus Cyanoramphus, family Psittacidae.

The birds' Māori name Kākāriki, which is the most commonly used, means "green" - in reference to its predominantly green plumage.

The Kakariki are brightly colored parakeets that are found on many island groups in the South Pacific region. Unfortunately, they have suffered badly from habitat loss, alien (introduced) predators and possibly also exotic diseases.


There are three species and several subspecies. The three species on mainland New Zealand are:

Kakariki Sub-species Listing

Red-crowned Parakeet - yellow mutation

Habitat

All above subspecies are native to New Zealand, and have become endangered as a result of habitat destruction following European settlement and nest predation by introduced species of mammal. Scarce on the mainland, kākāriki have survived well on outlying islands, and also through breeding in captivity since they make good pets. A license from the New Zealand Department of Conservation is now required to breed them in captivity.

In October 2004, according to the Porirua City News (17 November, page 8), two pairs of Red-crowned Parakeets were seen in the Porirua Scenic Reserve, probably having flown from Kapiti Island.

Mitochondrial DNA analysis has indicated that the Malherbe's or Orange-fronted Parakeet is a separate species and not just a color variation of the Yellow-crowned Parakeet. The Orange-fronted Parakeet is highly endangered, with less than 200 individuals remaining in the North Canterbury region of the South Island. Furthermore, Chatham Island's Yellow-crowned Parakeet and the red-crowned populations of New Caledonia, Norfolk Island and the subantarctic islands have been determined to be distinct species (Boon et al., 2001).


Aviculture

The red-crowned parakeets are common in aviculture and they are relatively easy to breed. They lay about 3 to 5 white eggs in a nesting box. A cinnamon color variety and a pied variety are available.


Behavior

They are usually observed in pairs or small groups in treetops or on outer branches of bushes outside the breeding season. Pairs may remain alone throughout year, but these parakeets usually form small flocks.

They often forage on or near the ground. They gather at springs and water holes on islands with limited water supply to drink and bathe. Occasionally flocks fly to neighboring islands to forage.

They are fairly approachable.


Captive Breeding, Housing and Care


Diet / Feeding

They feed on leaves, buds, flowers, shoots, seeds, fruit, berries, nuts and other parts of plants.

They also eat insects and animal remains. On islands and In coastal areas, they forage on seaweed and mussels.

They also take up tiny stones, most likely to help with digestion.


Taxonomy:

Class: Aves ... Order: Psittaciformes

Family: Psittacidae ... Subfamily: Psittacinae

Genus: Scientific: Cyanoramphus ... English: Red-fronted Parakeets ... Dutch: Kakarikis ... German: Laufsittiche ... French: Kakariki


Species Research by Sibylle Johnson

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Yellow-crowned Parakeet, Cyanoramphus auricepsSub-species:


Alpine Parakeets, Malherbe's Parakeets, or Orange-fronted Parakeet


Antipodes Island / Green Parakeets


Antipodes Red-Fronted Parakeets


Black-fronted Parakeets, Tahiti Parakeets


Brown-headed Parakeets: Please go to Society Kakariki


Chatham Red-fronted Parakeets


Forbe's Yellow-fronted Parakeets


Kermadec Red-fronted Parakeets


Lord Howe Red-fronted Parakeets


Macquarie Red-fronted Parakeets


Malherbe's Parakeets, aka Alpine or Orange-fronted Parakeets


New Caledonian Red-fronted Parakeets


Orange-fronted Parakeets, aka Malherbe's or Alpine Parakeets


Red-fronted Kakariki aka Red-crowned Parakeets


Tahiti Parakeets: Please go to Black-fronted Parakeets


Society Kakariki (Ulietanus)


Yellow-fronted Parakeets aka Yellow-crowned Parakeets



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