Friday, Oct 31, 2014

Orange Weavers (Ploceus aurantius)

Orange WeaverOrange Weavers

Weaver Information and Species Listing ... Weaver Photo Gallery

Overview ... Alternate (Global) Names

Distribution / Habitat ... Subspecies, Ranges and ID

Description ... Calls / Vocalizations

Breeding / Nesting ... Diet / Feeding




The Orange Weaver Finches (Ploceus aurantius) are small African birds that were named for their bright orange plumage details as well as the males' custom of constructing complexly woven nests.


Distribution / Habitat

Their large range stretches from Sierra Leone in the west of Africa down the Atlantic Coast to the country of Angola and east across central Africa to the countries of Kenya and Tanzania.

Natural RangeSpecifically, they are found in the following African countries:

Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Benin, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Gabon,, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Tanzania,Togo, Uganda,

They inhabit grasslands, farm land and forests. They are common within their range, where these social birds are usually seen in flocks, often with other finch species.

They are also popular in aviculture.


Subspecies and Ranges:

  • Orange Weaver (Malimbus aurantius aurantius - Vieillot, 1805) - Nominate Form
    • Range: Southeastern Sierra Leone east along coast (including some offshore islets) to southeastern Ghana, Togo and southern Nigeria, and south to western and southern Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon (where they are found along the coast and in the Ivindo Basin), west to the Central African Republic and the People's Republic of the Congo (mainly coast and the Congo river region), as well as along the coast and rivers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and coastal northern Angola.

  • Uganda Orange Weaver (Malimbus aurantius rex - Neumann, 1908)
    • Range: Southern Uganda, extreme western Kenya and northwestern Tanzania, where they are found in the Lake Victoria basin.

Description

Size

Orange Weavers measure about 5 inches (12.5 cm) in length, including the tail.

Plumage Details / Adults

Males and females have different plumage details, and seasonal differences also exist in the males.

Breeding Male:

  • Plumage mostly brilliant orange to red color, except:
    • black plumage around the eyesbrown wings
  • black beak

Non-breeding Male:

  • Mostly brown plumage with some dark streaks
  • cream-colored belly.

Females

Resemble the non-breeding males.

Similar Species:

  • The Orange Weavers / Bishops are black above the bill and orange below the bill - these areas are different in their otherwise similar cousins:
    • The breeding males of the Northern Red Bishop can be identified by their red throats, and the black patch extending further back on the crown and below the bill, and their long tail-coverts which almost cover the entire tail..The Black-winged Red Bishop or Crimson-crowned Weaver is black below the bill and red above the bill.

Diet / Feeding

In the wild, Orange Weavers mostly feed on grass seeds, some insects (particularly when breeding), and various green foods. Probably some berries.

Captive birds usually receive a diet that includes a balanced mixture of small cereal seeds, fresh greens and some live foods (often mealworms).


Breeding / Aviculture

Orange Weavers don't form close pair bonds and one male usually services up to three females.

They generally nest close to water in reed beds and are often in company with other finches.

A clutch usually consists of 3 - 5 eggs, which are incubated for 12 - 14 days to hatching.

Aviculture

These gregarious, active and hardy birds usually do well in a mixed colony in spacious flights. They can usually kept with larger finches. Generally friendly, some of them may get aggressive when breeding and need to be separated from the group at that time.

Males construct intrinsically woven nests during the breeding season to which he attracts suitable females.


Alternate (Global) Names

Chinese: 橙色织雀 ... Czech: snovač lemovaný, Snovac oranžový ... Danish: Orangegul Væver ... Dutch: Koningswever ... Finnish: Kaislakutoja ... French: Tisserin orangé ... German: Königsweber ... Irish: fíodóir flannbhuí ... Italian: Tessitore arancio ... Japanese: orenjihataori ... Norwegian: Oransjevever ... Polish: Wikłacz złoty ... Portuguese: Tecelão laranja ... Russian: Королевский ткач ... Slovak: pletiarka oranžová ... Spanish: Tejedor Anaranjado ... Swahili: Mnana Machungwa ... Swedish: Orange vävare


Life Cycle

Most of them live about 7 years. Well-cared captive birds can reach 10 or more years.


Calls / Vocalizations / Sounds

Species Research by Sibylle Johnson

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