There are 222 species of owls, which are subdivided into two families; typical owls (Strigidae) and barn owls (Tytonidae).
- Otus: scops owls, some 65 species
- Palau Owl, Pyrroglaux podarginus
- Cuban Screech Owl, Gymnoglaux lawrencii
- Northern White-faced Owl, Ptilopsis leucotis
- Southern White-faced Owl, Ptilopsis granti
- Mindanao Eagle Owl, Mimizuku gurneyi
- Horned owls and Eagle owls: Bubo; includes former genera Nyctea and Ketupa, some two dozen species. Please note: Eagle Owl may refer to any of various species of big owls, such as the Eurasian Eagle Owl.
- Pel's Fishing Owl, Scotopelia peli
- Rufous Fishing Owl, Scotopelia ussheri
- Vermiculated Fishing Owl, Scotopelia bouvieri
- Strix: earless owls, some 15 species
- Mottled Owl, Ciccaba virgata : The Mottled Owl is a medium sized owl found from Mexico to Brazil and Argentina. The body has vertical bars on the chest and throat and white markings in the back. The eyes are dark and the head is round and they do not have ear tufts. It is thirteen to fifteen inches in length. They are territorial and found in dry forests and jungles up to 7500 feet above sea level.
- Black-and-white Owl, Ciccaba nigrolineata
- Black-banded Owl, Ciccaba huhula
- Rufous-banded Owl, Ciccaba albitarsis
- Crested Owl, Lophostrix cristata
- Maned Owl, Jubula lettii
- Spectacled Owl, Pulsatrix perspicillata
- Tawny-browed Owl, Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana
- Band-bellied Owl, Pulsatrix melanota
- Northern Hawk Owl, Surnia ulula
- Pygmy owls: Glaucidium about 30-35 species
- Long-whiskered Owlet, Xenoglaux loweryi
- Elf Owl, Micrathene whitneyi
- Burrowing Owl, Athene/Speotyto cunicularia
- Spotted Owlet, Athene brama
- Little Owl, Athene noctua
- Forest Owlet, Athene/Heteroglaux blewitti
- Aegolius: saw-whet owls, 4 species
- Ninox: Australasian hawk-owls, some 20 species
- Papuan Hawk Owl, Uroglaux dimorpha
- Jamaican Owl, Pseudoscops grammicus
- Striped Owl, Pseudoscops/Asio clamator
- Asio: eared owls, 6-7 species
- Fearful Owl, Nesasio solomonensis
- Mascarenotus: Mascarene owls, 3 species (extinct) : The Mascarene owls form a distinct genus (Mascarenotus) of owls. The three species are all extinct.
- Laughing Owl, Sceloglaux albifacies (extinct)
- Genus Phodilus: Bay Owls are barn owls of the genus Phodilus, subfamily Phodilinae
- Oriental Bay-owl P. badius
- Samar Bay-owl P. (badius) riverae (probably extinct)
- Congo Bay-owl, P. prigoginei - sometimes placed in Tyto
- Fossil genera
- Necrobyas (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene - Early Miocene of France)
- Prosybris (Borgloon Early Oligocene of Hoogbutsel, Belgium? - Early Miocene of France)
Barn Owls aka Delicate Owl, Monkey-Faced Owl, White Owl (Tytonidae - Tyto alba) - also see "Hissing Owl"
Collared Scops Owls
Eastern Screech Owls
Flammulated Owls (Otus flammeolus)
Lesser Sooty Owls
Northern Pygmy Owls
Northern Saw-Whet Owls
Western Screech Owls
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