Saturday, Oct 25, 2014

Red-crowned Woodpeckers


Member of the Picidae Family: Woodpeckers ... Sapsuckers ... Flickers

Red-crowned Woodpeckers

The Red-crowned Woodpecker (Melanerpes rubricapillus) is endemic in southwestern Costa Rica south to Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas and Tobago. They occur in forests and semi-open woodland and cultivation.

Description:

Adults average 20.5 cm in length and weigh 48g.

They have a zebra-barred black and white back and wings and a white rump. The tail is black with some white barring, and the underparts are pale buff-brown.

The male has a red crown patch and nape.

The female has a buff crown and duller nape.

Immature birds are duller, particularly in the red areas of the head and neck.


Diet:

They feed on insects, but will take fruit and also visit nectar feeders.


Nesting:

They nest in cavities in dead trees or large cacti. The average clutch size consists of two eggs, incubated by both sexes.

The young fledge after 31-33 days.


Call / Song:

They make rattling krrrrrl calls and both sexes drum on territory.

Species Research by Sibylle Johnson

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