The Saltmarsh Sparrow, Ammodramus caudacutus, is a small sparrow. At one time, this bird and the Nelson's Sparrow were thought to be a single species, the Sharp-tailed Sparrow. Because of this, the species was briefly known as "Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow".
Adults have brownish upperparts with grey on the crown and nape, a cream-colored breast with dark streaks and a white throat and belly; they have an orange face with grey cheeks and a short pointed tail..
Distribution / Range
Their breeding habitat is salt marshes on the Atlantic coast of the United States from southern Maine to Virginia.
These birds migrate further south along the eastern coast of the United States.
This bird's numbers are declining due to habitat loss.
Breeding / Nesting
The nest is an open cup located above the high tide line. Males compete for females but do not defend territories. Only females raise the young.
Diet / Feeding
They forage on the ground or in marsh vegetation, sometimes probing in mud. They mainly eat insects, aquatic invertebrates and seeds..
Call / Vocalization
The call is a raspy trill.
BirdLife International (2004). Ammodramus caudacutus. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes a range map and justification for why this species is vulnerable
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