Ant-tanagers are birds of the genus Habia.They are historically placed in the tanager family Thraupidae;however,they are more closely related to the Cardinals.
These are long-tailed and strong billed birds. The males have a red crest and plumage containing red, brown or sooty hues.
Females may resemble the males or have a yellowish or brownish plumage.
Diet / Feeding
They mostly feed on insects taken from low perches or picked from foliage or in flight, but will also take fruits. They also follow army ant swarms to catch insects that are fleeing from the ants.
Species in taxonomic order
- Red-crowned Ant-tanager,Habia rubica
- Red-throated Ant-tanager,Habia fuscicauda
- Sooty Ant-tanager,Habia gutturalis
- Black-cheeked Ant-tanager,Habia atrimaxillaris
- Crested Ant-tanager,Habia cristata
Red-throated, Sooty and Black-cheeked Ant-tanagers form a superspecies; they inhabit secon growth and patchy woodland.
Red-crowned and Crested Ant-tanagers prefer denser undergrowth and watch from higher (4-5m) perches, often working upwards through the foliage. They are less likely to follow ant columns.
Breeding / Nesting
The female alone builds a cup nest and incubates the two or three eggs. The young leave the nest before they can fly and usually hide in dense vegetation.
Calls / Vocalizations
The vocalizations of the Ant-tanagers have been described as harsh call notes as well as musical whistled songs.
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