by Dr. Tara Nath Gaire

Department of Veterinary Medicine and Public Health
Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS), Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal.

Complete Article: Avian Aspergillosis by Dr. Tara Nath Gaire

References Cited: “A” and “B” … “C” – “F” (below) … “G” – “M”“N” – “R”“S” – “Z”


References Cited: “C” through “F”

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Carrasco , L. , Lima Jr , J.S. , Halfen , D.C. , Salguero , F.J. , Sanchez-Cordon , P. & Becker , G. 2001 . Systemic Aspergillosis in an oiled Magallanic penguin (Spheniscusmagellanicus) . Journal of Veterinary Medicine. B, Infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health , 48 , 551 554 . 

Carrasco, L., Bautista, las Mulas, J.M. and Jensen, H.E. 1993. Application of enzyme-immunohistochemistry for the diagnosis of aspergillosis, candidiasis and zygomycosis in three lovebirds. Avian Diseases, 37: 923–927.

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Chute HL, Witter JF, Rountree JL, O’Meara DCO. The pathology of a fungus infection associated with a capnizing injury. J Am Vet Med Ass 1955; 127: 207-9.

Clark DS, Jones EE, Crowl WB, Ross KF. Aspergillosis in newly hatched chicks. J Am Vet Med Ass 1954; 124: 116-17.

Cray , C. , Watson , T. , Rodriguez , M. & Arheart , K. 2006 . Assessment of aspergillosis diagnostics . In E. Bergman (Ed.) Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference & Expo of the Association of Avian Veterinarians San Antonio TX, USA 59

Cray, C., Reavill, D.Romagnano, A.Van Sant, F., Champagne, D, .Stevenson, R. 2009a. Galactomannan assay and plasma protein electrophoresis findings in psittacine birds with aspergillosis. Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery, 23: 125–135. 

Cray, C., Watson, T.Rodriguez, M. and Arheart, K.L. 2009b. Application of galactomannan analysis and protein electrophoresis in the diagnosis of aspergillosis in avian species. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 40: 64–70.

Dahlhausen , B. , Abbott , R. & VanOverloop , P. 2004 . Rapid detection of pathogenic Aspergillus species in avian samples by real-time PCR assay: a preliminary report . In E. Bergman (Ed.) . Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference & Expo of the Association of Avian Veterinarians 37 . New Orleans, LA, USA .

De Herdt, P. 1996. Aspergillose bij papegaaien. Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift, 65: 343–344.

Dhakal,I.P.(2000).Present scenario of poultry farming in Chitawan district of Nepal.Procceding of the Workshop on Avian Health, pp 1-7

Di Somma, A.Bailey, T.Silvanose, C. and Garcia-Martinez, C. 2007. The use of voriconazole for the treatment of aspergillosis in falcons (Falco species). Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery, 21: 307–316. 

Dorrestein, G.M. 1992. De benauwde papegaai. Tijdschrift voor Diergeneeskunde, 117: 55–57.
Eggert MJ, Barnhart JV. A case of egg-borne aspergillosis. J Am Vet Med Ass 1953; 86:781-84.

Fedde, M.R. 1998. Relationship of structure and function of the avian respiratory system to disease susceptibility.Poultry Science, 77: 1130–1138. 

Femenia, F.Fontaine, J.Lair-Fulleringer, S.Berkova, N.Huet, D.Towanou, N. 2007. Clinical, mycological and pathological findings in turkeys experimentally infected by Aspergillus fumigatus. Avian Pathology, 36: 213–219.

Flammer , K. & Orosz , S. 2008 . Avian mycoses: managing these difficult diseases . In E. Bergman . Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference & Expo of the Association of the Avian Veterinarians with the Association of the European College of Avian Medicine and Surgery 153 . Savannah, GA, USA .

Flammer , K. 1993 . An overview of antifungal therapy in birds . In G. Jackson . Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Association of Avian Veterinarians 1 . Nashville, TN, USA .

Flammer , K. 2006 . Antifungal drug update . In E. Bergman . Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference & Expo of the Association of Avian Veterinarians 3 . San Antonio, TX, USA .

Forbes, N.A. 1991. Aspergillosis in raptors. The Veterinary Record, 128: 263 

Forbes, N.A. 1992. Diagnosis of avian aspergillosis and treatment with itraconazole. The Veterinary Record, 130: 519–520. 

Forgacs J, Carll WT. Preliminary mycotoxic studies on hemorrhagic disease in poultry. Vet Med 1955; 50:172.

Heatly , J.J. , Gill , H. , Crandall , L. & Hoerr , F. 2007 . Enilconazole for treatment of raptor aspergillosis . In E. Bergman . Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference & Expo of the Association of Avian Veterinarians with the Association of the European College of Avian Medicine and Surgery 287 . Providence, RI, USA .

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