It was once believed to be conspecific (one and the same species) with the Short-toed Eagle and Beaudouin’s Snake-eagle.
It has dark brown head and chest – hence its name.
In flight, the dark head contrasts with the underparts and underwings, which are white apart from dark barring on the flight feathers and tail. The upperparts are dark brown, and the eye is yellow.
The female resembles the male, but is larger in size.
Juveniles are rufous colored.
They occur throughout southern Africa from Ethiopia and Sudan in the north to South Africa in the south and Angola in the southwest.
They inhabit semi-arid or desert areas, with open terrain to hunt on, trees to perch and nest in, and sufficient food supply.
Breeding / Nesting
The female will lay only one egg per clutch, which is incubated for 50 days. The chick leaves the nest when they are about 3 months old.
Calls / Vocalizations
The call is described as a whistled kwo kwo kwo kweeoo.
Diet / Feeding
As its name suggests, this bird feeds mostly on snakes, but they will also prey on lizards, small mammals and frogs.