Hummingbirds typically have iridescent (glossy) plumages, and the “blue” details may look purple, black or other colors – depending on the angle of view or the angle of illumination.
Swallow-tailed or Cayenne Fork-tailed Hummingbird (Campylopterus. macrourus)
- Range: East-central South America
Violet Sabrewings (Campylopterus hemileucurus)
- Range: Southern Mexico through Costa Rica to western Panama.
Royal Sunangels (Heliangelus regalis)
- Range: South American – in the Andes of northern Peru and adjacent south-eastern Ecuador
Fork-tailed Woodnymph Hummingbirds (Thalurania furcata)
- Range: Most occur in Central and South America. One race is found in western Mexico.
Violet-crowned Woodnymph (Thalurania colombica)
- Range: Central and South America. Found on the Caribbean slope of Guatemala and Belize south to northern Colombia and western Venezuela,
Species Research by Sibylle Johnson
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