Bullfinches are thick-billed finches in the passerine family Fringillidae.
They are restricted to the Old World, and are:
- Eurasian Bullfinch, Pyrrhula pyrrhula
- Brown Bullfinch, Pyrrhula nipalensis
- White-cheeked Bullfinch, Pyrrhula leucogenis
- Orange Bullfinch, Pyrrhula aurantiaca
- Red-headed Bullfinch, Pyrrhula erythrocephala
- Grey-headed Bullfinch, Pyrrhula erythaca
- Azores Bullfinch, Pyrrhula murina
There is an unrelated group of New World (Americas) birds also named as bullfinches because of their superficial resemblances to the above species. These passerines were placed in the large bunting and American “sparrow” family Emberizidae, but are now considered tanagers (Thraupidae).
Four are in the genus Loxigilla:
- Puerto Rican Bullfinch, Loxigilla portoricensis
- Greater Antillean Bullfinch, Loxigilla violacea
- Lesser Antillean Bullfinch, Loxigilla noctis
- Barbados Bullfinch, Loxigilla barbadensis
The fourth is
- Cuban Bullfinch, Melopyrrha nigra
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