Caracaras are birds of prey occur in South and Central America, just reaching the southern United States, extending as far north as the states of Arizona, Texas, and Florida in the United States.

The most southern species (the Striated Caracara) inhabits the Falkland Islands and Tierra del Fuego, just off the coast of the southernmost tip of South America.

The species are:

Mountain Caracaras
Yellow-headed Caracara, Milvago chimachima
Black Caracara (Daptrius ater) being pursued by a flycatcher nipping at its tail
Carunculated Caracara (Phalcoboenus carunculatus)
Striated Caracara, (Phalcoboenus australis)
White-throated Caracara (Phalcoboenus albogularis)