The Crested Firebacks (Lophura ignita) occur naturally throughout the lowland forests of Peninsular Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo and Sumatra.
This species is evaluated as Near Threatened due to ongoing habitat destruction and overhunting in some areas.
This medium-sized forest pheasant measures about 28 inches (~70cm) in length.
It has a peacock-like dark crest, a bluish black plumage, reddish brown rump, black outer tail feathers, red eyes and bare blue facial skin.
The female has a brown plumage on the back and is spotted black-and-white below. She has a short crest.
Subspecies, Ranges and Identification
Bornean Crested Fireback, Lophura ignita ignita – Nominate Race
- Range: Borneo and Bangka
- ID: The male has brown central tail feathers, whitish legs and reddish brown below. The female has a dark, blackish tail and whitish legs
Vieillot’s Crested Fireback, Lophura ignita rufa
- Range: Peninsular and Sumatra
- ID: The male has white central tail feathers, red legs and bluish black streaked white below. The female has a chestnut brown tail and red legs.
Their diet primarily consists of plants, fruits and small animals.
Breeding / Nesting
The average clutch consists of 4 to 8 creamy white eggs.