The Crowned Hornbill, Tockus alboterminatus, is an African hornbill.
Distribution / Range
The Crowned Hornbill is a common resident of the coastal and riverine forests of southern (only the eastern coast) to northeastern Africa.
In the dry season, this hornbill species can be seen in flocks.
This medium-sized bird measures between 50 and 54 cm i length.
It has a white belly and black back and wings. The tips of the long tail feathers are white. The eyes are yellow. The bill is red with a stocky casque (a large display growth on the upper mandible of the bill). In females, this casque is smaller.
The Crowned Hornbill can be distinguished from the similar Bradfield’s Hornbill by its shorter beak.
Diet / Feeding
It feeds on insects (often caught in flight), small rodents and reptiles, seeds and fruits.
Breeding / Nesting
The average clutch consists of 4 – 5 white eggs. The eggs are incubated for 25 to 30 days. The chicks are raised by both parents and leave the nest when they are about 8 weeks old.