Eclectus Species

The genus Eclectus is composed of nine (possibly ten) subspecies, with differences in size, coloring, and natural range. Want to know more visit Beauty of Birds and access all the information.

Female Eclectus

Female Vosmaeri Eclectus Parrot

The genus Eclectus is composed of nine (possibly ten) subspecies, with differences in size, coloring and natural range.

Of these subspecies, the following four are the most commonly seen in captivity:

  1. Red-sided Eclectus (Eclectus roratus polychloros)
    • Native Range: New Guinea mainland
    • ID: blue eye rings, no yellow tail tips
  2. Grand Eclectus (Eclectus roratus roratus)
    • Native Range: Southern Moluccan Islands also known as Maluku Islands, Moluccas or the Spice Islands
  3. Solomon Island Eclectus (Eclectus roratus solomonensis)
  4. Vosmaeri Eclectus or Vos Eclectus (Eclectus roratus vosmaeri)
    • Native Range: Northern Moluccan Islands
    • ID: No blue eye rings. Yellow tail tips.

Female Eclectus

Significantly less common and unknown in the United States are the:

  1. Biaki or Biak Island Eclectus (Eclectus roratis biaki)
    • Native Range: Biak Islands – northwest of New Guinea
  2. Sumba Island Eclectus aka Cornelia’s Eclectus (Eclectus roratus cornelia)
  3. Australian Eclectus Parrot or Macgillivray Eclectus (Eclectus roratus macgillivrayi)
    • Native Range: Australia, specifically the Cape York Penninsula
    • At an average length of 37 cm or 14.5 inches, this is the largest of all Eclectus species
  4. Tanimbar Islands Eclectus or Riedeli’s Eclectus (Eclectus roratus riedeli)
    • Native Range: Tanimbar Islands in the Maluku province of Indonesia
    • ID: At an average length of 29.25 cm or 11.5 inches, this is (together with the Westerman’s Eclectus), the smallest of all Eclectus species.
  5. New Guinea Red-sided Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus polychloros)
  6. Aru Island Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus aruensis
  7. Westerman’s Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus westermani) – doubtfully valid.
    • ID: At an average length of 29.25 cm or 11.5 inches, this is (together with the Riedeli’s Eclectus) the smallest of all Eclectus species.

Eclectus Female Comparison

Eclectus Roratus Female Identification


Aru Red Sided Eclectus

Australian Red Sided Eclectus

Biak Red Sided Eclectus

Ceram Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus r. roratus) – Grand Eclectus

Cornelia’s Eclectus Parrots:

Species: Scientific: Eclectus roratus cornelia aka Lorius roratus cornelia … English: Cornelia’s Eclectus Parrot … Dutch: Cornelia’s Edelpapegaai … German: Cornelia Edelpapagei … French: Perroquet eclectus de Cornelia

Distribution: Sumba in the Lesser Sunda Islands

Male Eclectus

Grand Eclectus

Halmahera Eclectus (Vosmaeri Eclectus)

Queensland Eclectus Parrots or Macgillivray Eclectus

New Guinea Eclectus

Macgillivray Eclectus 

Oceanic Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus infectus) is an extinct parrot species which occurred on Tonga and Vanuatu (possibly on Fiji)

Red-sided Eclectus aka New Guinea Eclectus

Riedel’s Eclectus Parrots:

Species: Scientific: Eclectus roratus riedeli … English: Riedel’s Eclectus Parrot … Dutch: Riedels Edelpapegaai … German: Riedels Edelpapagei … French: Perroquet eclectus de Riedel

Distribution: Tinimbar Islands 

Solomon Island Eclectus aka Solomon Eclectus

Vosmaeri’s Eclectus aka Halmahera Eclectus Parrot

Westerman’s Eclectus Parrots: It is unknown if this is a real subspecies or an aviary bred bird.

Description: The Westerman’s Eclectus hen has a dark smoky abdomen and is smaller than the females of the other sub-species, which feature blue or purple abdomens. Identification of the males in the various subspecies is much more difficult to determine. The usual method being differences in the size of the bird and the shade of green in their plumage.

Species: Scientific: Eclectus roratus westermani … English: Westerman’s Eclectus Parrot … Dutch: Westermans Edelpapegaai … German: Westermans Edelpapagei … French: Perroquet eclectus de Westerman

Distribution: only known by aviary specimens

Taxonomy and Recommended Websites:



Family:Psittacidae … Subfamily: Psittacinae

Genus: Scientific: Eclectus … English: Eclectus Parrots … Dutch: Edelpapegaaien … German: Edelpapageien … French: Perroquet eclectus … CITES II: Endangered Species

More Eclectus Information

Photo of author

Team Beauty of Birds's team of experts includes veterinarians, biologists, environmentalists and active bird watchers. All put together, we have over half a century of experience in the birding space.

You can meet our team here.
Team Beauty of Birds is separate from the “Parrot Parent University” parrot training course and its instructors.