The Great Thrushes (Turdus fuscater) occur naturally in the South American countries of n Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela; where they mostly inhabit subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, high-altitude shrubland, and heavily degraded former forests.
Subspecies and Ranges
- Great Thrush – Turdus fuscater fuscater (d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye, 1837) – Nominate Form
- Range: Western Bolivia
- Giant Thrush – Turdus fuscater gigas (Fraser, 1841)
- Range: Eastern Andes of Venezuela and Colombia.
- Turdus fuscater cacozelus (Bangs, 1898)
- Range: Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, in northern Colombia.
- Turdus fuscater clarus (Phelps, Sr and Phelps, Jr, 1953)
- Range: Perijá Mountains on the northeastern Colombia-western Venezuela border.
- Turdus fuscater quindio (Chapman, 1925)
- Range: Southern and western Colombia and northern Ecuador.
- Turdus fuscater gigantodes (Cabanis, 1873)
- Range: Southern Ecuador south to central Peru.
- Turdus fuscater ockendeni (Hellmayr, 1906)
- Southeastern Peru
Great Thrushes were named for their large size. At 12 – 14 inches (30 – 35 cm), they are the largest thrush in the Americas. The plumage is uniform slaty-colored.
Diet / Feeding
Great Thrushes mostly feed on insects and berries found on the forest floor or in trees and shrubs.
Breeding / Nesting
Their cup nests are constructed of plant matter and placed relatively low in trees.
Alternate (Global) Names
Chinese: ??? … Czech: Drozd velký … Danish: Stor Solsort … Dutch: Reuzenlijster … Finnish: Isomustarastas … French: Grive géante, Merle géant … German: Riesendrossel … Italian: Tordo maggiore … Japanese: onitsugumi … Norwegian: Stortrost … Polish: drozd duzy, drozd du?y … Russian: ??????? ????? … Slovak: drozd obrí … Spanish: Mirla Patinaranja, Mirlo grande, Tordo Morera … Swedish: Stortrast
Species Research by Sibylle Johnson
Please Note: The articles or images on this page are the sole property of the authors or photographers. Please contact them directly with respect to any copyright or licensing questions. Thank you.