Inland Dotterel or Australian Dotterel

The Inland Dotterel, Charadrius australis , also known as the Australian Dotterel and sometimes placed in the monotypic (one single species) genus Peltohyas, is a medium-sized Charadriine plover.

Description

Unmistakable. Upperparts generally buff mottled with dark brown. Face pale but marked by vertical black band crossing eye and fore-crown. Underparts generally buff and white, marked with distinctice black Y on breast, forming collar on hind-neck, and joined to black band on belly separating white lower belly from rich buff lower breast and flanks. Measurements: length 19-23 cm; wingspan 43-47 cm; weight 80 g.

Distribution

Endemic to southern and central arid zone of mainland Australia.

Habitat

Inland Dotterel

Open, arid country; distribution bounded by 100 mm summer isohyet.

Food

Seeds and invertebrates (= animals without internal skeleton, such as insects, larvae, earthworms, millipedes, snails, spiders).

Breeding

Nests on bare ground in shallow depression; clutch of 3 brown eggs, marked with irregular black spots; incubation period c.28 days; young precocial and nidifugous.

Conservation

With a large range and no evidence of significant population decline, this species’ conservation status is of Least Concern.