Macaw – Detailed Information & Photos

Macaws have slim bodies, broadheads, and long, pointed, graceful tails that are as long as or longer than their bodies. They have large, strong beaks, which earn them a high degree of respect, and serve them well in opening even the hardest of nuts.

Blue-throated Macaw (Ara glaucogularis) preening a Blue and Gold Macaw (Ara ararauna)
Buffon macaws (Ara ambigua)

The Rare and Extraordinary “BLUE” Macaws!

These amazing parrots are either extinct or close to extinction. Successful conservation programs are ongoing to save the last of them …

In-depth research and BEAUTIFUL images of the “Blue” Macaws.

Macaw Licks

In the wild, parrots often flock to exposed riverbank clay licks (or “Macaw licks”) to ingest mineral-rich clay that benefit these birds in two different ways …

  • Valuable, health-promoting nutrients are deposited in the clay on the river walls as water washes down the river bed.
  • Natural detoxification: Macaws often digest unripe seeds and nuts and other food items with toxic compounds that are strong enough to kill other animals. The clay binds to these toxins and coats the bird’s digestive system, allowing these poisons to pass through their digestive systems without harming these parrots.

The locations of at least 120 known clay licks are known in the Amazon basin, where large flocks of parrots are found feeding. Some of the more accessible locations have become tourist attractions. 

Hyacinth Macaw, Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus - eating a nut


All macaws have slim bodies, broad heads and long, pointed, graceful tails that are as long or longer than their bodies.

They have large, strong beaks, which earn them a high degree of respect, and serve them well in opening even the hardest of nuts.

They have long, pointed wings that allow them to fly swiftly. In fact, they can reach speeds of up to 35 mph / 56 kmh. These agile and adapt flyers are able to navigate effortlessly through dense forests.

Variations exist in terms of size and plumage coloration, which ranges from green to blue, red and yellow.

Males and females look alike and either DNA (feather or blood) testing or surgical sexing is needed to identify the gender.

The young of most macaw species start out with grey or black eyes, which change to brown or yellow as they mature.

Scarlet Macaw

The different macaw species vary greatly in size:

  • the smallest macaw – the Hahn’s Macaw – is barely larger than a cockatiel, measuring only about 12 inches or 30 cm in length, including the long tail;
  • the largest macaw – the Hyacinth – is also the largest of all parrots in terms of length and wingspan – averaging up to 40 inches (1 meter) in length. The flightless Kakapo is heavier, but not as long.
Scarlet Macaws

Red-and-green Macaw (Ara chloropterus), also known as the Green-winged Macaw

Macaw’s Interesting Physical Adaptations:

  • The tongue is dry, slightly scaly, and has a bone inside it – making it an effective tool for breaking open and eating food.
  • The sharp, hooked bill is perfect for break open nut pods, and it is so strong that it can easily crush the hardest of all nuts and seeds..
  • They have strong, zygodactylous feet with 2 toes pointing forward and 2 toes pointing backward (like woodpeckers) allow them to easily grasp food and other items, and bring items to their mouths for further exploration or for feeding, or they function to securely grasp the branches as they perch or move around in trees.  

Macaws in Captivity / as Pets – Things to consider before adding a Macaw to your family 

Blue-winged or Illiger’s Macaw

Breeding / Nesting

Macaws are monogamous (forming pair bonds that last a lifetime) and even though pairs often join flocks outside the breeding season, pairs usually remain close to each other – except when one of them has to tend to a nest, eggs or young.

Pairs often engage in mutual preening or feeding when roosting in trees, and even in flight, they remain so close to each other that their wings are nearly touching. During the breeding season, nesting females typically incubate the eggs or take care of any nestlings, while the males will guard the area around the nest in addition to gathering and bringing food back to the nest to feed his mate and the young.

Breeding macaws in captivity ensures a steady flow of available captive-bred birds for the pet market, as well as making wild birds less attractive to poachers.

Macaw Behavior

These intelligent creatures are curious and ever alert, as they keep watch for predators. They are very social, spending a good amount of their days interacting with mates, family groups and flock members.

They typically sleep in the trees at night, and in the morning flocks of them fly to their favorite foraging places – often over long distances – to feed on fruit, nuts, insects and snails.

They use their beaks, tongues, feet and eyes to explore objects to assess their suitability as food, tools or toys. Macaws also spend a good amount of time chewing on wood to keep their beaks in good shape.

Most macaw species also enjoy water and are often observed splashing around in shallow puddles.

They make their presence known by their loud, screeching and squawking voices that are often heard in flight or when calling out to each other from their roosting places.

Most gain reproductive maturity when they are about 7 or 8 years old.

Macaw Training and Behavioral Guidance

Macaws: Training & Behavioral GuidanceMacaws as PetsHybridsMacaws on the Endangered List or ExtinctAverage Weights & Measures of the Various Macaw Species

Photos of the Different Macaw Species for IdentificationMacaw Diet for Good Health / Nutritional RequirementsMacaw Diseases

Species and Average Clutch Size and Incubation Periods

Photo of author

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