The Olive Tanager (Chlorothraupis carmioli), also known as Carmiol’s Tanager (but see taxonomic info further down), is a species of bird traditionally placed in the family Thraupidae (Tanagers), though some recent evidence suggest it is better placed in Cardinalidae (Cardinals).
It is often split into two species:
- Carmiol’s Tanager (C. carmioli, incl. subspecies magnirostris and lutescens). Found in Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and far north-western Colombia (near the Panama border).
- Olive Tanager (C. frenata; monotypic). Found locally in the Andes of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia.
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Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest.