Orchard Orioles (Icterus spurius)

The Orchard Orioles, Icterus spurius, migrate in flocks for wintering from central Mexico south through Central America to northern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela.

In the Caribbean, these orioles can often be found on the Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Islands, Jamaica and the Turks and Caicos Islands.

The specific name spurius refers to the original misidentification of the male as a female Baltimore Oriole. These birds are sometimes mistakenly identified as New World warblers.

Orchard Orioles


The Orchard Oriole is the smallest species of icterid blackbird at 6.3 inches (16 cm) long and a weight of 20 g.

The adult has a pointed bill and white wing bars.

The adult male is chestnut on the underparts, shoulder and rump, with the rest of the plumage being black. One-year males are yellow with a black bib.

The adult female is olive-green on the upper parts, yellowish on the breast and belly.

Nesting / Breeding:

The breeding habitat is semi-open areas with deciduous trees across eastern North America south to central Mexico, often near water.

The nest is a tightly woven pouch attached to a fork on a horizontal branch. In some parts of their range, they may nest in small colonies.

Diet / Feeding:

They forage in trees and shrubs, also making short flights to catch insects and feed from flowers. These birds mainly eat insects, particular fruit and nectar, and also other plantstuff.

Female Orchard Oriole


  1. Trophis racemosa (Moraceae): (Foster 2007).

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