Owl InformationPhotos of Various Owl Species for Identification

Spotted OwlSpecies

There are 222 species of owls, which are subdivided into two families; typical owls (Strigidae) and barn owls (Tytonidae).


Typical Owls

  • Otus: scops owls, some 65 species
  • Palau Owl, Pyrroglaux podarginus
  • Cuban Screech Owl, Gymnoglaux lawrencii
  • Northern White-faced Owl, Ptilopsis leucotis
  • Southern White-faced Owl, Ptilopsis granti
  • Mindanao Eagle Owl, Mimizuku gurneyi
  • Horned owls and Eagle owls: Bubo; includes former genera Nyctea and Ketupa, some two dozen species. Please note: Eagle Owl may refer to any of various species of big owls, such as the Eurasian Eagle Owl.
  • Pel’s Fishing Owl, Scotopelia peli
  • Rufous Fishing Owl, Scotopelia ussheri
  • Vermiculated Fishing Owl, Scotopelia bouvieri
  • Strix: earless owls, some 15 species
  • Mottled Owl, Ciccaba virgata : The Mottled Owl is a medium sized owl found from Mexico to Brazil and Argentina. The body has vertical bars on the chest and throat and white markings in the back. The eyes are dark and the head is round and they do not have ear tufts. It is thirteen to fifteen inches in length. They are territorial and found in dry forests and jungles up to 7500 feet above sea level.
  • Black-and-white Owl, Ciccaba nigrolineata
  • Black-banded Owl, Ciccaba huhula
  • Rufous-banded Owl, Ciccaba albitarsis
  • Crested Owl, Lophostrix cristata
  • Maned Owl, Jubula lettii
Genus Phodilus: Bay Owls are barn owls of the genus Phodilus, subfamily Phodilinae
  • Oriental Bay-owl P. badius
    • Samar Bay-owl P. (badius) riverae (probably extinct)
  • Congo Bay-owl, P. prigoginei – sometimes placed in Tyto

Fossil genera

  • Necrobyas (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene – Early Miocene of France)
  • Prosybris (Borgloon Early Oligocene of Hoogbutsel, Belgium? – Early Miocene of France)
  • Nocturnavis
  • Palaeobyas
  • Palaeotyto
  • Selenornis




Barn Owls aka Delicate Owl, Monkey-Faced Owl, White Owl (Tytonidae – Tyto alba) – also see “Hissing Owl”

Boreal Owls

Collared Scops Owls

Eastern Screech Owls

Elf Owls

Flammulated Owls (Otus flammeolus)

Jungle Owlets

Lesser Sooty Owls

Northern Pygmy Owls

Northern Saw-Whet Owls

Pearl-spotted Owlets

Pygmy Owls

Scops Owls

Screech Owls

Western Screech Owls


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