Parrotfinch Species

There are 10-12 species of parrotfinches. The Gouldian Finch (Chloebia gouldiae or Erythrura gouldiae) is also often included in this genus.

In a published study dated 1995, parrotfinches have been classified in two different groups, namely the “Malaysian” and the “Melanesian” parrot finches.

Tricoloured Parrotfinch Erythrura tricolor

Pin-tailed Parrotfinch

Group 1 – the “Malaysian” parrot finches.

This group includes:

Tawny-breasted Parrotfinch aka Green-tailed Parrotfinch or Bamboo Parrot Finch, Erythrura hyperythra

  • Description: Males have a cobalt blue forehead and forecrown. The face, throat, median areas of underparts and under tail coverts are dark reddish buff-brown. The eyes are brown and the beak is back. The legs and feet are flesh colored. The plumage of the female is overall less vivid.
  • Range: Common in Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines

Pin-tailed Parrotfinch Erythrura prasina (featured above)

  • Description: These finches are green with blue heads and two different color phases:
    • A red breast and the less common yellow breast.
  • Range: Common in Malaysia, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand and most of Southeast Asia where they are sometimes viewed as a pest due to the damage they do to rice crops.
  • Breednig: Females use grass, coconut husks, and moss to build nests high up in the trees to lay 3-6 eggs.

Green-faced Parrotfinch aka Manila Parrot Finch, Erythrura viridifacies

  • Found in northern Philippines, around Luzon, Negros and Panay

Blue-faced Parrotfinch

Group 2 – the “Melanesian” parrotfinches.

This group is sub-divided as shown:

Blue-headed species

Tricolored Parrotfinch or Forbes Parrotfinch, Erythrura tricolor

  • Found in Indonesia and Timor-Leste

Papuan Parrotfinch, Erythrura papuana

  • Common in Indonesia’s Papua province and Papua New Guinea

Red-eared Parrotfinch or Coloria Parrotfinch, Erythrura coloria

  • Endemic to Mindanao in the Philippines

Blue-faced Parrotfinch, Erythrura trichroa

Red-throated Parrotfinch, Erythrura psittacea

Red-throated Parrotfinch, Erythrura psittacea

Red-headed species

Red-throated Parrotfinch, Erythrura psittacea

Samoa Parrotfich or Pink-billed Parrotfinch aka Red-Headed Parrot Finch, Red-Headed Parrot-Finch, Red-Headed Parrotfinch, Erythrura cyaneovirens cyaneovirens. (nominate species)

  • Found in island of Viti Levu, Fiji.

, Erythrura cyaneovirens regia

  • Endemic to Vanuatu.

Seed-eating Royal Parrotfinch aka Red-headed Parrotfinch, Erythrura cyaneovirens serena

  • Description: Red head; the back and abdomen are green.
  • Range: Aneitemn Island, New Hebrides

Red-headed Parrotfinch (no other name known), Erythrura cyaneovirens efatensis

  • Found in New Caledonia, Samoan Islands and common on Efate, also known as Île Vate – an island in the Republic of Vanuatu (Shefa Province)

Red-headed Parrotfinch, Erythrura cyaneovirens gaughrani

  • Endemic to Western Samoa

Peale Parrot Finch or Fiji Parrotfinch, Erythrura cyaneovirens peali

Fiji Parrotfinches

Beauty Of Birds strives to maintain accurate and up-to-date information; however, mistakes do happen. If you would like to correct or update any of the information, please contact us. THANK YOU!!!

Photo of author

Team Beauty of Birds's team of experts includes veterinarians, biologists, environmentalists and active bird watchers. All put together, we have over half a century of experience in the birding space.

You can meet our team here.
Team Beauty of Birds is separate from the “Parrot Parent University” parrot training course and its instructors.