The three plantcutters are all placed in the genus Phytotoma.
These are robust birds of open woodland, scrub and farmland in southern and western South America.
Diet / Feeding
They resemble finches, and are among the few primarily folivorious birds, though they also take some fruits, berries and flowers.
The common name is a reference to their stubby bills with fine serrations along the cutting edge – an adaption for cutting plant material.
They are sexually dichromatic, with males having black wings with white pacthes, and at least partially rufous underparts.
The plumage of the females is greyish-white or brownish-white with dense dark streaking throughout.
Breeding / Nesting
These pair-living birds lay 2 – 4 brown-spotted green eggs in a tree nest. Only the female incubates, but both sexes participate in the nest-building and feeding of the chicks.
The chicks are fed almost exclusively with insects.