Ruddy Quail-Doves

The Ruddy Quail-Dove (Geotrygon montana) is a member of the bird family Columbidae, which includes doves and pigeons.

Index of Dove Species

Ruddy Quail-Dove

Ruddy Quail-Dove

Distribution / Habitat

It breeds throughout the West Indies, Central America, and tropical South America. It has appeared as a vagrant in Florida and southern Texas.

This bird is found in woodland and scrub forest. It also has adapted to coffee plantations. It is somewhat sensitive to forest fragmentation.

Breeding / Nesting

It lays two buff colored eggs on a flimsy platform built on a shrub. Some nests are built on the ground.

Further Dove Information

Diet / Feeding

These birds forage on the ground, mainly eating seeds. It will also take small invertebrates in its diet. Ruddy Quail-Doves feed primarily on the ground.


The Ruddy Quail-Dove is approximately 19-28 cm in length.

The bird is distinguished by having a rust colored back, facial mask and similarly colored wings. The breast, rump and undereye stripe are lighter brown.

Ruddy Quail-Dove
Photo of author

Team Beauty of Birds's team of experts includes veterinarians, biologists, environmentalists and active bird watchers. All put together, we have over half a century of experience in the birding space.

You can meet our team here.