Unlike other waders that will usually probe in the mud for prey, shanks will chase visible prey.
They are also more commonly found in fresh water environments than other waders.
Depending on the species, they will either nest on the ground or in trees, sometimes using nests of other birds (including thrushes.
- Genus Xenus
- Terek Sandpiper, Xenus cinereus
- Genus Actitis
- Genus Tringa
- Green Sandpiper, Tringa ochropus
- Solitary Sandpiper, Tringa solitaria
- Grey-tailed Tattler, Tringa brevipes – formerly Heteroscelus brevipes
- Wandering Tattler, Tringa incana – formerly Heteroscelus incanus
- Spotted Redshank, Tringa erythropus
- Greater Yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca
- Common Greenshank, Tringa nebularia
- Willet, Tringa semipalmata – formerly Catoptrophorus semipalmatus
- Lesser Yellowlegs, Tringa flavipes
- Spotted Greenshank, Tringa guttifer
- Marsh Sandpiper, Tringa stagnatilis
- Common Redshank, Tringa totanus
- Wood Sandpiper, Tringa glareola
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