Sun Conures or Sun Parakeets as Pets: A Detailed Guide

Sun Conures (Aratinga solstitialis), also known as sun parakeets, are colorful and beautiful birds native to South America. Their vibrant plumage, featuring shades of yellow, orange, and green with a contrasting black beak, makes them a visually stunning addition to any home.

Sun Conures are social and active birds, often forming strong bonds with their human owners. With proper care and attention, Sun Conures can thrive as beloved pets, bringing joy and companionship to their owners.

Sun Conure Populations In The Wild and their Natural Habitat

Sun Conures are native to South America, particularly the northeastern regions of Brazil. they are also found in Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana.

These striking parrots thrive in the dense rainforests, deciduous woodlands, and savannas of their natural habitat. Their ability to adapt to a variety of environments makes them highly adaptable pets in captivity as well.

Unfortunately, due to habitat loss and capture for the pet trade, the population of Sun Conures in the wild has declined.

They are currently listed as “endangered” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Efforts are being made to conserve and protect their natural habitats, as well as regulate their trade to ensure their survival in the wild.

Sun Conures
Sun Conures in the Wild

Sun Conure Colors, Mutations and Markings

Sun conures are known for their vibrant and eye-catching colors. Their plumage is primarily a bright yellow, with orange and red feathers on their belly and wings. Other color mutations and markings of Sun conures include:

  • Cinnamon mutation: This mutation results in a softer, more washed-out coloration, with a lighter overall appearance.
  • Pineapple mutation: This mutation creates a patchy pattern of yellow and green feathers, resembling the skin of a pineapple.
  • Sunburst mutation: This mutation intensifies the red and orange coloration, creating a more fiery and vibrant appearance.
  • Turquoise mutation: This mutation introduces blue-green feathers into the plumage, adding a unique and stunning touch to the bird’s overall coloration.

These different color mutations and markings make each Sun conure mutation unique and visually striking. Whether you prefer the classic yellow and orange combination or the more unusual variations, Sun conures are sure to captivate with their beautiful plumage.

Caring for a Sun Conure

Caring for a Sun Conure is both rewarding and enjoyable. These social and intelligent birds thrive with proper attention and care.

In this section we will talk about the different aspects of caring for a Sun conure as a pet.

Sun Conure Size

These beautiful birds can grow to be about 12 inches in length, measuring from beak to tail. As with any pet bird, it is important to provide a spacious cage that allows for plenty of room to move and stretch their wings.

Sun conures also benefit from regular exercise outside of their cage, whether it’s supervised playtime or flying around in a bird-safe room. This can help them maintain a healthy weight and prevent any potential health issues associated with a sedentary lifestyle.

Cage Setup – Toys and Perches

As mentioned above, a large and spacious cage is critical for the physical and mental well-being of any bird species. Think about how you can turn your Sun conure’s cage into its castle.

In the cage, make sure to have different types of toys to keep your sun conure entertained and engaged. These can include puzzle toys, foraging toys, and chew toys.

And you do not need to always buy new toys from the market. Pet birds go through their toys fairly quickly. It will save you quite a bit of money if you make some DIY toys for your birds.

Play gyms are another great addition to your sun conure’s environment. These provide a designated area for your bird to play, exercise, and explore. You can either purchase a play gym or get creative and build one yourself using safe materials like untreated wood.

Include perches of varying sizes and textures to promote foot health and provide mental stimulation. Natural branches can also be added for your bird to perch on and mimic their natural habitat.

To create a safe spot for your sun conure to come back to, make sure the cage has secure locks and latches to prevent escapes. Place the cage in a quiet area away from drafts and direct sunlight, as exposure to direct sunlight for long periods can have negative effects on their feathers and health.

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    Maintaining a clean and hygienic cage is crucial for your sun conure’s health. Regularly clean the cage and provide fresh food and water daily. Additionally, consider using a bird habitat cleaner to ensure a safe and clean environment for your pet.

    By setting up the housing and cage thoughtfully, you can create a comfortable and secure space for your sun conure to thrive and feel at home.

    Bedding and Lighting

    When it comes to creating the perfect ;giving space for your Sun conure, bedding and lighting play a significant role.

    For bedding, it is important to choose materials that are safe and easy to clean. Avoid using cedar or pine shavings, as the strong scent can be harmful to your bird’s respiratory system.

    Instead, opt for paper-based bedding or pelleted bedding made from natural materials. These options are non-toxic and will help keep your bird’s living space clean and hygienic.

    As for lighting, Sun conures, like many other parrots, require ultraviolet (UV) light to synthesize Vitamin D3, which is necessary for calcium absorption and bone health. UV light also helps to regulate their sleep-wake cycle and supports their overall well-being.

    There are two types of UV light sources you can consider: natural sunlight and artificial UV lighting. Natural sunlight is the best option, as it provides the full spectrum of UV light. Allowing your bird some supervised outdoor time in a secure and shaded area can provide them with the UV light they need.

    If natural sunlight is not readily available, you can invest in artificial UV lighting specifically designed for birds. These lights emit UVB rays, which are essential for Vitamin D3 synthesis. Ensure the lighting is positioned at the correct distance from your bird’s cage and follow the manufacturer’s instructions for proper usage.

    Sun Conure Lifespan in Captivity

    Sun conures, like many parrot species, have the potential for a long and fulfilling life in captivity. On average, they can live for about 20 to 30 years, although some individuals have been known to live even longer. In the wild, the lifespan of sun conures tends to be shorter, typically ranging from 10 to 15 years.

    All the factors listed above (aswell as their diet and exercise) affect their lifespan in captivity. So the more careful you are with your bird’s needs, the longer it will stay with you.

    Temperament, Personality and Behavior

    Sun conures are known for their lively and outgoing nature. These birds are highly social and love to interact with their human caregivers.

    They are often described as playful and intelligent, and they thrive on mental stimulation.

    Sun conures are also known for their cuddly and affectionate nature. Many owners describe them as being very loving and enjoy spending time with their human companions. They often seek out physical contact and will happily perch on their human or snuggle up for some quality time together.

    They can also be quite active birds. They love to explore their surroundings and are always on the lookout for new toys and activities.

    Male vs female sun conures differ slightly in terms of their behavior. As a rule of thumb, the males tend to be more territorial, especially during the hormonal times.

    Diet and Nutrition

    Sun conures have specific dietary needs to ensure they stay healthy and happy. Providing a balanced and nutritious diet is essential for their well-being.

    In terms of food, sun conures should have a mix of fresh fruits, vegetables, and high-quality pellet food. Fresh fruits like apples, oranges, and bananas can be given in small amounts as treats, while vegetables like carrots, broccoli, and leafy greens should be a regular part of their diet.

    It is important to provide a variety of foods to meet their nutritional needs. Aim for a mix of different colors and textures to ensure they get a wide range of vitamins and minerals.

    When it comes to portion sizes, the general rule of thumb is to offer approximately 1-2 tablespoons of pellet food per day, along with small amounts of fresh fruits and vegetables. It’s important not to overfeed them, as obesity can lead to health problems.

    If you’re on a budget, there are still ways to provide a healthy diet for your sun conure. Look for seasonal fruits and vegetables, as they tend to be more affordable. You can also buy in bulk or freeze fresh produce to save money in the long run.

    Another idea is to look for fresh but misshapen produce that man super markets sell for a discount. Your bird will certainly not notice if that bell pepper wasn’t exactly bell-shaped!

    Remember, always provide fresh water and clean food bowls daily.

    When you get a new bird home, it is always a good idea to consult with an avian veterinarian for specific dietary recommendations for your sun conure.

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      Foods and Treats to Avoid

      When it comes to providing a healthy diet for your sun conure, it’s not just about knowing what to feed them, but also what foods to avoid. Here are some foods and treats that you should steer clear of when it comes to your sun conure’s diet (although, they tend to be true for any pet bird):

      • Avocado: While this fruit may be a popular healthy snack for humans, it is toxic to birds, including sun conures. Avocados contain a substance called persin, which can be harmful to their digestive system.
      • Chocolate: It’s no secret that chocolate is a big no-no for pets, and that includes sun conures. Chocolate contains theobromine, which is toxic to birds and can cause digestive issues and even death in larger quantities.
      • Caffeine: Just like chocolate, caffeine is toxic to sun conures. Coffee, tea, energy drinks, and other caffeinated beverages should never be given to your feathered friend.
      • Alcohol: It should go without saying, but alcohol is extremely dangerous for sun conures. Even a small amount can cause serious health issues, including liver damage.
      • Salt and salty foods (processed foods): Sun conures are sensitive to high salt intake, so it’s important to avoid giving them salty snacks like chips, pretzels, or processed foods that contain excessive salt.
      • Sugary treats: While a small amount of fruit is okay as a treat, avoid giving your sun conure sugary treats like candy, cookies, or sugary cereals.

      If you’re unsure about whether a particular food is safe for them, consult with an avian veterinarian or do thorough research from reputable sources before offering it to your feathered friend.


      When it comes to keeping your pet sun conure happy and healthy, regular exercise is essential. These active birds need plenty of physical activity to maintain their physical and mental well-being. There are many ways to incorporate exercise into your sun conure’s daily routine.

      One simple way to encourage exercise is to provide your sun conure with plenty of space to move around. Make sure their cage is spacious enough for them to stretch their wings and fly short distances. You can also allow them supervised time outside of the cage to explore and fly around in a safe and secure area of your home.

      In addition to providing ample space, you can also offer a variety of toys and perches for your sun conure to climb, swing on, and play with. Birds love to interact with their environment, so providing them with stimulating toys and objects to explore can help keep them physically active.

      You can also think about giving your bird food hidden inside toys. These cuddly birds are natural foragers and spending energy to get to their food is a great way for them to get some exercise.

      Another way to encourage exercise is through mental stimulation. Sun conures are intelligent birds, and mental exercise is just as important as physical exercise for their well-being.

      You can engage your sun conure in activities that challenge their problem-solving skills, such as puzzle toys or teaching them new tricks.

      Speech and Vocalizations

      These playful birds are known for their vocal nature and loud calls. They have a wide range of vocalizations, from high-pitched squawks to softer chirps and trills.

      They can be fairly noisy birds, so if you’re considering a sun conure as a pet, be prepared for some noise!

      One of the remarkable things about sun conures is their ability to mimic human speech.

      While they may not have the same extensive vocabulary as some larger parrots, they can learn a handful of words and phrases with patience and consistent training.

      Their vocalizations serve various purposes, including communication with their flock, expressing their emotions, and even seeking attention from their human companions. They can be quite chatty and expressive, often engaging in vocal back-and-forths with their owners.

      If you’re looking for a quiet pet, a sun conure may not be the best fit. However, if you enjoy the lively and interactive nature of these beautiful birds, their vocalizations can be a source of entertainment and companionship.

      Just make sure to provide them with mental stimulation and attention to keep their vocalizations happy and healthy.

      Common Health Problems

      Sun conures may be beautiful and active birds, but like any other pet, they can also face health issues.

      One common problem is feather plucking (or feather picking), where the bird starts plucking its own feathers. This can be caused by stress or boredom, so providing mental stimulation and plenty of toys helps if your bird is plucking its feathers.

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        Avian viral conditions, such as proventricular dilatation disease and psittacine beak and feather disease, can also affect sun conures.

        These viral conditions can weaken the immune system and cause feather loss, weight loss, and other symptoms. If you suspect your bird may have a viral condition, it’s important to seek veterinary care.

        Bacterial infections, like psittacosis, can also affect sun conures. These infections can cause respiratory problems and other health issues. If you notice your bird is displaying signs of illness, such as sneezing or coughing, consult a veterinarian for diagnosis and treatment.

        Beak malocclusion, or misalignment of the beak (abnormal beak growth), can occur in sun conures as well. This can cause difficulty in eating and can lead to weight loss.

        Fungal infections, like aspergillosis, can also affect sun conures. These infections can cause respiratory problems and can be life-threatening if left untreated. If you notice your bird is having difficulty breathing or shows other signs of illness, consult a veterinarian who specializes in birds, immediately.

        As pet owners, it is important for you to be aware of these issues and take appropriate actions if you suspect your bird is experiencing any health problems.

        Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and a clean and stress-free environment can help prevent and manage these common health problems.

        Sun Conures and Other Birds

        When it comes to keeping Sun Conures with other birds, compatibility and behaviors play a crucial role.

        While Sun Conures are social birds, they may not necessarily need a companion bird if they have enough human interaction and mental stimulation.

        However, if you already have a bird in the house and plan to introduce a Sun conure to an existing flock, it is important to consider their compatibility.

        Any introduction to other birds should be done gradually and under supervision. 

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          Common challenges with keeping Sun conures with other birds include territorial behavior, aggression, and competition over resources like food and cage space.

          At the beginning, you may want to provide separate food bowls and perches to avoid conflicts.

          Also, make sure that the birds that you are introducing to each other are free from communicable avian diseases such as psittacine beak and feather disease.

          Is a Sun Conure the right bird for you and your family?

          If you’re a homebody who enjoys interactive play and doesn’t mind a bit of noise, a Sun Conure might just be the perfect pet for you and your family. Sun conures thrive with people who can spend time with them. 

          So if you have the luury of working from home, a sun conure can be a great addition to the family.

          Sun conures also do well in households that are open to having multiple birds. They are social creatures and enjoy the company of other birds, so having a companion for them can provide mental stimulation and prevent loneliness.

          When keeping parrots of different species together, you might want to look at keeping similar-sized birds. Sun conures are medium-sized birds so they would do well with other conures or cockatiels.

          Sun conures do well in apartments as well as houses. When deciding if a sun conure is the right bird for you, keep in mind their vocal nature. If you like a quieter bird, a budgie might be a better option.

          Where to Adopt or Buy a Sun Conure

          If you’re ready to welcome a Sun Conure into your home, you have a couple of options when it comes to acquiring one of these beautiful birds.

          One option is to adopt a Sun Conure from a rescue or shelter. Adopting is a more humane choice as it helps provide a loving home for birds in need.

          Another option is to buy a Sun Conure from a breeder. If you choose this route, it is important to ensure that the bird is captive-bred certified.

          This certification ensures that the bird was bred in captivity and not taken from the wild, supporting conservation efforts.

          When buying from a breeder, always choose a reputable one who prioritizes the health and well-being of their birds.

          To find potential adoption or rescue options, you can search online for bird rescue organizations or check with local animal shelters.

          Before getting a bird home, it is crucial to carefully inspect the bird for health. Look for clean and bright feathers, alert and active behavior, and a clean and well-maintained living area. Don’t hesitate to ask the seller or rescue organization about the bird’s medical history and any potential health concerns.

          Training a Sun Conure

          Like any parrot, training a sun conure requires patience, consistency, and the use of positive reinforcement techniques.

          These birds are intelligent and eager to learn, making training sessions a fun and engaging experience for both you and your feathered friend.

          While you are teaching them to learn new tricks, remember you are also learning to teach!

          We have a plethora of resources that can help you get started with training your sun conure.

          In summary, sun conures are beautiful birds with a very loving personality. Bringing one home can be a fulfilling experience for decades. Make sure that you do right by the bird by giving it the best you can!

          Interesting Facts About Sun Conures

          Sun conures are fascinating and colorful companion birds that have captured the hearts of bird lovers all over the world. Here are some interesting facts about these social birds:

          1. Vibrant Feathers: Sun conures are known for their stunning feathers. Their vibrant colors include shades of yellow, orange, and green, making them a beautiful addition to any home.
          2. Average Adult Size: Sun conures are considered medium-sized parrots. They typically reach an average adult size of around 12 inches (30 centimeters) in length, including their long tail feathers.
          3. Long Lifespan: When properly cared for, sun conures can live for a long time. On average, they have a lifespan of 20 to 30 years, but some have been known to live even longer with proper nutrition and veterinary care.
          4. Granivorous Diet: Sun conures primarily eat seeds, making them granivorous birds. However, it is important to provide them with a well-balanced diet that includes fresh fruits, vegetables, and quality pellet food to ensure they receive the necessary nutrients for optimal health.

          These are just a few interesting facts about sun conures, highlighting their colorful beauty, social nature, average adult size, average lifespan, and granivorous diet. If you’re considering adding a sun conure to your family, be prepared for a lifetime of joy and companionship with these delightful feathered friends.

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