A discrete bumblefoot lesion, showing typical positioning at the weight-bearing position on the base of the foot

Pododermatitis (Bumblefoot): Diagnosis, Treatment, Resolution, and Prevention

Abstract Pododermatitis is a disease of the integument of the plantar (bottom) surface of a bird’s foot. It can also spread to the dorsal (top) surface of the foot. It is caused by irritation, trauma, poor perching, or overweight. It will become progressively worse unless it is treated aggressively. There are seven stages of progression of the disease; the last is … Read more

Rod shaped bacteria

Overview of Bacterial Pathogens Affecting Companion Birds

Bacterial pathogens affecting birds are numerous. This paper covers many of the species that affect companion birds and the antibiotics most commonly used to deal with them. Beneficial and harmful bacteria are discussed as well as the harmful effects of bacterial infections. Diagnostic testing with staining, cultures, histopathology, and cytology and explained. Introduction When people … Read more

A macaw suffering from Avian Bornaviral Ganglioneuritis

Understanding Avian Bornaviral Ganglioneuritis and Avian Ganglioneuritis

Introduction Avian Bornaviral Ganglioneuritis (ABG) is an immune-mediated disease and isresponsible for what has been previously known as Proventricular Dilatation Disease(PDD). As many as one-third of the avian population in captivity and in the wild testpositive for the Avian Bornavirus (ABV). Although captive psittacines are the mostimpacted, other species also test positive for ABV. ABV … Read more

Cockatiel feeding chicks

Pet Birds: Hand-raised or Parent-raised: Which is better for the birds?

Article by:  Jeannine Miesle, M.A., M.Ed Birds, like any other animal, thrive as adults when the parents have raised them to abundance weaning and fledging. The trend of hand-rearing began in the 1980’s when thousands of birds were taken from their habitats and placed around the world. In most countries, hand-raising because the acceptable method of … Read more

Man smoking cigarette in the presence of a bird

The Effects of Tobacco Use on Avian Species

Tobacco products are severely detrimental to birds. They are proven to cause not only respiratory distress and disease, but they are also responsible for illnesses in every other body system. Second-and third-hand smoke are the most common causes of tobacco-related diseases; however, other forms of tobacco and nicotine products cause damage as well – damage … Read more

Bird  Respiratory System

Glossary of Common Avian Medical Terms by Jeannine Miesle

Main Article: Avian Medical Terms / Bird Health & Diseases by Jeannine Miesle, MA, Allied Member, Association of Avian Veterinarians Images:   Relevant Avian Anatomy Image Gallery  Commonly Used Avian Medical Terms Abdomen/Abdominal region:  between the thorax and pelvis: ventral part of bird, between vent and posterior sternum; flight muscles located between belly and breast Abdominocentesis: drawing out … Read more

Fatty Liver Disease in Birds

Avian (Bird) Anatomy – Images of Bird Liver & Kidneys by Jeannine

Main Article: Avian Medical Terms / Health & Diseases by Jeannine Miesle, MA, Allied Member, Association of Avian Veterinarians … Avian Anatomy Image Gallery (NOTE: Some of the images / illustrations on this and linked pages may be too graphic for young audiences. We recommend parental supervision and approval.) Skeletal System … Feathers & Skin  …  Cloaca and … Read more

Granulomatous tissue in wound healing

Avian (Bird) Anatomy – Images of Bird Wound Healing Processes

Main Article: Avian Medical Terms / Health & Diseases by Jeannine Miesle, MA, Allied Member, Association of Avian Veterinarians … Avian Anatomy Image Gallery (NOTE: Some of the images / illustrations on this and linked pages may be too graphic for young audiences. We recommend parental supervision and approval.) Skeletal System … Feathers & Skin  …  Cloaca and … Read more

Patagium

Avian Anatomy – Images of Muscles & Tendons, Feather Piloerection

Main Article: Avian Medical Terms / Health & Diseases by Jeannine Miesle, MA, Allied Member, Association of Avian Veterinarians … Avian Anatomy Image Gallery (NOTE: Some of the images / illustrations on this and linked pages may be too graphic for young audiences. We recommend parental supervision and approval.) Skeletal System … Feathers & Skin  …  Cloaca and … Read more

Avian Brain

Avian (Bird) Anatomy – Images of Bird Brain and Nervous System

Main Article: Avian Medical Terms / Health & Diseases by Jeannine Miesle, MA, Allied Member, Association of Avian Veterinarians … Avian Anatomy Image Gallery (NOTE: Some of the images / illustrations on this and linked pages may be too graphic for young audiences. We recommend parental supervision and approval.) Skeletal System … Feathers & Skin  …  Cloaca and … Read more