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Vinegar: A Natural Approach to Avian Management


Chicken Pox / Fowl PoxCoryzaEpidemic TremorFowl CholeraInfectious BronchitisLymphoid LeucosisMarek’s DiseaseAvian Influenza

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    (For more in-depth information on each of the above diseases, please go to the Bird Disease page)


    CHICKEN POX OR FOWL POX (SOREHEAD)


    CORYZA

    A disease affecting chicken, pheasants, guinea fowl, turkeys and other game birds
    Cause: Simple coryza, the common cold, is usually caused by improper management in which birds are subjected to undue exposure. Infectious coryza is caused by a specific microorganism and its severity is increased in birds subjected to resistance lowering factors.
    Common Symptoms: Respiratory distress accompanied by watery and swollen eyes and poor condition.
    Treatment: Simple coryza responds to correction of undue exposure. Antibiotics are beneficial. Infectious coryza sometimes responds to erthyromycin, streptomycin and sulfonamides, if treated early.
    Control: Depopulation of farms and starting with clean chicks. Consider vaccination if exposure risk is high.


    EPIDEMIC TREMOR

    Cause: A virus.
    Symptoms: A disease affecting chickens clinically under 6 weeks of age. Incoordination of gait, staggering, falling to one side, occasional tremors of the head. Excitement intensifies symptoms.
    Treatment and Control: No treatment except isolation of affected birds. Vaccinate breeder flocks to provide immunity to chicks.


    FOWL CHOLERA


    INFECTIOUS BRONCHITIS


    LYMPHOID LEUCOSIS

    Cause: A virus of the leukosis-sarcoma complex. Occurs mainly in laying hens between 4 and 10 months or age.
    Symptoms: Tumors in the bursa of Fabricius will spread to many other internal organs, especially the liver, spleen and kidney.
    Treatment: None.
    Control: Development of resistant strains of chickens by Poultry geneticists.


    MAREK’S DISEASE


    NEWCASTLE DISEASE


    AVIAN INFLUENZA

    Cause: A virus. Highly infectious, severity varies.
    Symptoms: Sudden death is common. Clinical signs include sudden drop in egg production. depression, loss of appetite, blue combs and wattles, diarrhea, blood-tinged discharge from nostrils.
    Treatment: None.
    Control: Monitoring, strict quarantine and rapid destruction of all infected flocks. Poultry producers should practice strict management control.

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      * From Diseases of Poultry, a paper by Dr. Gary D. Butcher, DVM, PhD., Poultry Veterinarian, College of Veterinary Medicine, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville. From publication PS-5, Florida Cooperative Extension Service.