Can Older African Grey Learn to Talk? Till What Age Can You Train Them?

African Grey parrots, known for their impressive mimicry of human language, are among the most talented talkers in the avian world.

Their ability to replicate human speech with a massive vocabulary has earned them a reputation for being extremely intelligent.

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    But what happens when an African Grey doesn’t learn to talk in its formative years?

    In this article, let’s look at the case of older African Greys and understand whether they can learn to talk and how we can help them to do so as owners.

    Can Older African Grey Learn to Talk

    Why Do African Greys Learn to Talk?

    Talking is more than mere mimicry or fun for an African Grey. For these birds, vocalizations serve essential roles such as:

    • Communication: Just as humans use words, African Greys utilize mimicry to convey messages, express emotions, or react to situations.
    • Social Interaction: In the wild, these parrots communicate within their flock to establish hierarchy, find food sources, or signal danger.
    • Mental Stimulation: Mimicry provides cognitive challenges, keeping their brain active and engaged.

    Can Older African Grey Learn to Talk?

    A common misconception is that only young African Greys can learn to talk.

    While younger birds might have a more malleable learning curve, age alone is not a barrier to learning. Some myths include:

    • Older birds are not as smart as younger ones, so they don’t learn new words
    • Older African Greys are more set in their ways and don’t like to make changes
    • If an older bird hasn’t been exposed to speech training, it might show resistance.

    It is true that older African Greys have established behaviors, but their capacity to learn remains intact.

    Recognizing this distinction is crucial. The key is patience, understanding, and methodology.

    Older African Greys can learn to talk. You need to be patient with them

    When Do African Greys Start Talking?

    Most African Greys display their mimicking abilities between 12-14 months of age. That being said, the age range varies.

    In fact, here’s a table depicting some important milestones and their approximate age range in an African Greys life:

    Growth MilestoneApproximate Time
    Hatching from the eggDay 0
    Opening of eyes7-12 days
    Beginning of feather growth (pin feathers)10-14 days
    Fully feathered5-6 weeks
    First attempt to fly6-7 weeks
    Weaning and eating solid foods12-14 weeks
    Beginning to mimic soundsAs early as 4-6 months
    Formation of first words8-12 months
    Mature plumage and full size reached18-24 months
    Onset of breeding maturity3-5 years

    Some particularly precocious individuals might begin as early as 6 months, while others might not start until they’re closer to 18 months or even later.

    However, by the time an African Grey reaches 2 years, they typically have demonstrated some form of vocal mimicry, be it simple whistles, household noises, or actual words.

    It’s crucial to remember here that while the bird’s age plays a role, its personality and environment can significantly influence things.

    If a bird has not been provided the right environment and encouragement for mimicry, it might not speak up for years on end.

    Most African Greys start talking by about 12-14 months of age

    On the other hand, the internet is replete with examples of loving bird owners whose birds were 12, 14 and even older when they learnt to talk or picked up new words.

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      So if you have an older African Grey, don’t lose heart. Birds can learn to speak at almost any age.

      However, its still a good idea to start early. Why? Let’s talk about that in the next section.

      Why Early Training is Still Better

      Starting vocal training early works because birds are more malleable and curious, making them more receptive to learning new sounds:

      • Neural Plasticity: Just as with humans, younger African Greys have a higher degree of neural plasticity. Their brains are more adaptable, allowing them to pick up and replicate new sounds with relative ease.
      • Curiosity: Young African Greys are innately curious. This natural inquisitiveness makes them more likely to experiment with new sounds, aiding in the learning process.
      • Forming Bonds: African Greys are social birds. Starting training early helps in establishing a bond between the bird and the trainer. A strong bond can enhance the learning process, as the bird is more likely to mimic someone it’s bonded with.

      But if starting early is so important, how can one hope to train an older bird to talk? Let’s look at that in the next section.

      Starting vocal training early works because birds are more malleable and curious

      Steps to Teach Older African Grey Parrots to Talk

      Teaching older African Grey parrots to talk may be more challenging than training younger birds, but with patience, persistence, and the right approach, it is feasible.

      Here’s a detailed step-by-step guide to make the process effective:

      1. Forming a Bond:

      • Regular Interaction Without Handling: Begin by spending time near the parrot without necessarily handling it. This lets the bird get accustomed to your presence and feel less threatened.
      • Maintaining a Calm Tone: When speaking to or around the bird, ensure that your tone is gentle and calm. Older birds can be more sensitive to loud or sudden noises, which may induce stress.
      • Providing a Welcoming Environment: Make sure the bird’s cage is in a quiet, non-chaotic part of your house. Minimize disturbances and sudden changes in their environment.
      • Playing Games to Enhance Trust: Simple games, such as peek-a-boo or gentle singing, can bridge trust gaps. These playful interactions can ease the bird and reinforce the bond.

      2. Establishing a Speech Training Routine:

      • Importance of Routine for Senior Birds: Older parrots thrive on routines. Consistent training times allow them to anticipate and be mentally prepared for the learning session.
      • Optimal Frequency and Duration: Training sessions should be frequent but short. Aim for twice a day, with each session lasting 10-15 minutes.
      • When Not to Engage in Speech Training: Refrain from training when the bird seems agitated, tired, or uninterested. Pushing too hard can backfire.

      3. Incorporating Rewards:

      • The Challenge of Motivating Older Parrots: Unlike younger birds, older parrots might not be as motivated by conventional treats. Find out what the bird values most.
      • Using Affection and Petting as Rewards: Often, older African Greys value companionship. Gentle strokes and affectionate words can be effective rewards for them.
      Gentle strokes and affectionate words can be effective rewards for older African Greys.

      4. Varied Training Approach:

      • Importance of Keeping Training Sessions Diverse and Stimulating: Monotonous routines can bore senior birds. Ensure the training is diverse, introducing new sounds and phrases regularly.
      • Rotating Words and Phrases: Regularly switch out words and phrases to retain the parrot’s interest. Once they master a phrase, introduce a new one.

      5. Setting Expectations:

      • Timeframes for Teaching Senior Parrots: Understand that older parrots might take longer to pick up new words or phrases. Whatever you think the right amount of time is for training your African Grey, start by expecting that it will take at least thrice as much.
      • Staying Patient and Avoiding Frustration: Remember, every bird is unique. Celebrate small successes and remain patient. Demonstrating frustration can deter the bird from trying.

      Older African Grey parrots require a tailored approach. But with time and persistence, they too can be guided to mimic and learn new words.

      Building a bond, setting a consistent routine, rewarding correctly, diversifying training, and managing expectations are the keystones to success.

      How to Encourage an African Grey Parrot to Speak

      It’s important to keep encouraging older African Greys, because, remember, speech comes harder to them than younger ones.

      Here are some things you can do to nurture their potential and inspire them to speak:

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        1. Interacting Regularly with Your Bird:

        • Importance of Consistent Communication: Just as humans need exposure to language to learn it, so do parrots. Consistent communication forms the foundation for any speech training.
        • Sharing Daily Activities and Routines: Narrate your daily tasks when in the bird’s presence. Whether it’s preparing a meal or doing laundry, talking to your parrot about what you’re doing can stimulate their interest.
        Narrate your daily tasks when in the bird’s presence

        2. Effective Speech Training Techniques:

        • Starting with Simple Words: Begin training with one or two-syllable words, as these are easier for the parrot to mimic.
        • Maintaining Consistent Phrasing: Stick to the same phrasing when teaching new words or phrases. For instance, if you’re teaching the bird to say “hello,” avoid switching between “hi” and “hello” frequently.
        • Using an Enthusiastic Tone: A lively and upbeat tone can captivate your parrot’s attention and make the learning experience enjoyable.
        • Speaking Clearly and Enunciating: Ensure your words are clear and distinct, making it easier for the bird to understand and mimic.

        3. Reinforcing Learning:

        • Benefits of Repetition: Just like any form of learning, repetition is key. Reiterate phrases or sounds to solidify the bird’s memory.
        • Recognizing and Rewarding Efforts: When your parrot makes an effort or successfully mimics a sound, reward them immediately. This reinforces their learning.
        • Continuous Usage of Learned Words and Phrases: Keep using the words and phrases the bird has learned in regular conversation, reinforcing their significance.

        4. Interactive Training:

        • Conversations in Front of the Bird: Birds often pick up phrases from listening to conversations. Hold some conversations near them to provide varied vocal exposure.
        • Teaching the Bird Names of Foods and Other Objects: As you feed them or show them toys, name the items. This expands their vocabulary in a contextual manner.
        • Playing Call and Response Games: Create a back-and-forth game, where you say a word, and the bird is encouraged to repeat it.
        • Being Cautious with Language Choices: African Greys are excellent mimics. Avoid using inappropriate words around them, as they can quickly pick them up.
        • Ignoring Unwanted Repetitions: If the bird starts mimicking unwanted noises or words, ignore them. Negative attention can sometimes reinforce the behavior.
        • Giving the Bird Breaks: Speech training can be tiring. Ensure your bird gets ample breaks to relax and process.
        Speech training can be tiring. Ensure your bird gets ample breaks to relax and process

        5. Environmental Considerations:

        • Placing the Bird in a High-Traffic Area: Positioning the bird’s cage in an area where family members frequently pass or converse can provide more opportunities for the bird to listen and learn.
        • Treating the Bird as a Family Member: Encourage all family members to interact with the bird regularly. This provides varied vocal exposure and solidifies the bird’s position as part of the family.

        Remember: There are Limits to Learning

        While we can try our level best to help our older avian friends learn how to talk, its important to remember that not all African Greys will learn to talk.

        What’s important is to recognize that you should still love and respect the bird, no matter what. Here are some things you should note.

        Recognize Individual Differences

        Just as humans differ in their learning abilities and speeds, so do African Grey parrots.

        Some might pick up phrases rapidly, while others may take longer or show a preference for sounds over words.

        Every bird will have its own set of tendencies; some might be more inclined towards mimicking environmental sounds like the ringing of a phone, while others may gravitate towards spoken words.

        Some birds might be more inclined towards mimicking environmental sounds like the ringing of a phone, while others may gravitate towards spoken words

        Avoiding Overgeneralization from Anecdotes

        While stories of African Greys holding full-blown conversations might circulate in popular culture, it’s important to remember that these are exceptions, not the rule.

        While many parrots are capable of impressive vocal feats, not all will display this level of prowess.

        The Importance of Patience

        Getting frustrated or impatient with a bird that’s not learning as quickly as anticipated can be detrimental to the bird’s confidence and well-being.

        Remember that progress, no matter how slow, is still progress.

        Setting Realistic Expectations

        By understanding your bird’s individual capabilities, you can set achievable milestones.

        This ensures that the bird’s learning journey is filled with small victories, enhancing their confidence and motivation.

        Celebrating the Uniqueness of Your Bird

        Instead of focusing only on its talking capabilities, celebrate all the unique qualities your bird exhibits.

        Whether it’s a particular sound they’ve mastered, a dance move they’ve developed, or just their personality traits, its important to celebrate each thing with them.

        Avoid Unfair Comparisons

        Avoid comparing your bird’s progress with others. Just because a friend’s parrot can recite a full poem doesn’t mean your African Grey is any less capable or any less of an intelligent bird.

        Celebrate your parrot’s achievements on their own merit.

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          Celebrate your African Grey’s achievements on their own merit.

          Respecting Their Comfort Zone

          Some birds may feel stressed or pressured by intensive training. It’s vital to recognize signs of distress and give them the space and time they need.

          Recognize That Some Birds Might Never Talk

          It’s also important to keep in mind that there are some birds who might never talk.

          Some might just not be interested in it, and others might not even like talking.

          Each African Grey has its own unique personality, and sometimes all that effort may end up with zero result.

          While it’s tempting to hold high expectations for your African Grey, given their reputation, it’s essential to respect and cherish them simply for who they are, not for what tricks they can do.


          In summary, African Grey Parrots can learn to talk at any age, including when they’re older. To help them, it’s important to give them the right environment and show patience.

          However, it’s also crucial to remember that not all birds will learn to talk, no matter the training or environment. Each bird has its own abilities, and speech might not be one of them.

          Focus on understanding your bird’s individual strengths and appreciate the unique qualities they bring to your life, beyond just their ability to speak.

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          Team Beauty of Birds

's team of experts includes veterinarians, biologists, environmentalists and active bird watchers. All put together, we have over half a century of experience in the birding space.

          You can meet our team here.
          Team Beauty of Birds is separate from the “Parrot Parent University” parrot training course and its instructors.

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