Red-lored Amazon Parrot aka Yellow-cheek Amazon Parrot

The Red-lored Parrot – also known as Primrose-cheeked Amazon or “loro cariamarillo” (Amazona autumnalis autumnalis) – is endemic to the tropical regions of the Americas, from eastern Mexico south to Ecuador.

A disjunct population exists in central Brazil, where it occurs in humid evergreen to semi-deciduous forests up to 1,100 m altitude.

It is absent from the Pacific side of Central America north of Costa Rica.

Not originally known from El Salvador, a pair – perhaps escaped from captivity – nested successfully in 1995 and 1996 in the outskirts of San Salvador and the species might expand its range permanently into that country in the future.

It is one of the most common pet parrots here in the United States, although it is considered endangered in some areas, notably parts of Mexico and Venezuela. This parrot appears to adapt to human-altered habitat to a considerable degree.

However, the major threat to its existence is the trapping for the pet bird trade.

Subspecies:

  • Red-lored Amazons, Amazona autumnalis autumnalis (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominate Species
    • Caribbean coasts from eastern Mexico south to northern Nicaragua.
      • Salvin’s Amazon Parrots, Amazona autumnalis salvini (Salvadori, 1891)
        • Northern Nicaragua south to Colombia and Venezuela
      • Lilacine Amazons, Amazona autumnalis lilacina (Lesson, 1844)
        • Western Ecuador North of the Gulf of Guayaquil
      • Diademed AmazonAmazona autumnalis diadema (Spix, 1824)
        • Lower Rio Negro area, central / northwestern Brazil

Red-lored Amazon

Description:

The Red-lored Amazon averages 12 – 13.6 inches (30 to 35 cm) in length (including tail) with a wingspan from 15 to 17 inches (38 to 43 cm). The average weight is 310-480g.

The plumage is primarily green, with red forehead, in some subspecies yellow cheeks (sometimes with red spots). The crown is blue and thick. The tip of the lower beak is gray horn; the upper beak is light horn-colored. The feet are light to dark grey.

Males and females look alike; although some breeders opine that mature females have brown irises while mature males have a golden iris. If identifying the correct sex is important, this imprecise technique may not suffice and DNA sexing is recommended.

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    Juveniles have less yellow on cheeks, less red on forehead, and dark irises.

    Mutations:

    The below photos of the beautiful yellow mutation of the Red Lored Amazon Parrot has been provided by Lien Luu – Breeder of Rare Mutations and Species in New York City

    Beautiful yellow mutation of the Red-lored Amazon

    Red-lored Parrot - also known as Primrose- cheeked Amazon or “loro cariamarillo”

    Breeding / Nesting

    The Blue-fronted Amazon nests in tree cavities. The eggs are white and there are usually three or four in a clutch. The female incubates the eggs for about 26 days and the chicks leave the nest about 60 days after hatching.

    Diet / Feeding

    Their natural diet consists of a variety of fruits, nuts and seeds.

    Training and Behavioral Guidance:

    Many consider the Red-lored Amazon to be one of the prettiest of the Amazon Parrots. They can make very affectionate, loyal and gentle pets.

    Some make fairly good talkers. Like most Amazon parrots, they often have a tendency to vocalize loudly and biting can also become a problem.

    Their behavior ranges from being quiet and curious to being aggressive, this can all be changed by basic training when the bird is of young age.

    Red-lored Amazons are intelligent parrots that respond well to training.

    Amazon ownership generally presents multiple challenges, such as excessive chewing – especially at certain stages in their life.

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      They do discover their beaks as method of “disciplining us” once they are out of the “baby stage” and they can generally be somewhat naughty, and it really is important to learn to understand them and to guide their behavior before an undesirable behavior has been established.

      Aggressive behavior is especially common in “hormonal” amazons.

      Undisciplined amazons will chew on electric wiring potentially causing house fires. They regard anything in your home as a “toy” that can be explored and chewed on; destroying items that you may hold dear or are simply valuable.

      Even a young bird that has not been neglected and abused requires proper guidance; this becomes even more challenging when it involves a rescued bird that may require rehabilitation.

      Red-lored Amazon
      Red-lored Amazon
      Red-lored Amazon “Maggie”
      Lilacine Amazon (Amazona autumnalis lilacina), also known as the Ecuadorian Red-lored Amazon

      More Amazon Parrot Information


      Taxonomy:

      Species: Scientific: Amazona autumnalis autumnalis … English: Red-lored Amazon … Dutch: Geelwangamazone … German: Gelbwangenamazone … French: Amazone à joues orangées

      Sub-Species / Races Including Nominate: autumnalis, salvini, lilacina, diadema


      Sub-species:

      Diademed Amazons:

      Distribution: Lower Rio Negro area, central / northwestern Brazil

      Length: 34 cm / 13.6 in

      Species: Scientific: Amazona autumnalis diadema … English: Diademed Amazon … Dutch: Diadeem Amazone … German: Diademamazone … French: Amazone diadema – CITES II – Endangered Species

      Lilacine or Equador Amazons or Lesson’s Amazons:

      Distribution: Western Ecuador North of the Gulf of Guayaquil in South America

      Average Length: The Lilacine Amazon is a small parrot, approximately 34 cm or 13.6 inches long (including tail) when mature, with primarily green plumage. This subspecies of the Red-lored Amazon is generally smaller than its fellow subspecies, with a black beak and more subdued coloring. Like the Red-lored Amazon, it has red lores and yellow cheeks; its distinguishing features include a fully black beak, and lilac-tipped feathers on its crown

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        Breeding Data: Average clutch size: 3 eggs; Incubation days: 26

        Species: Scientific: Amazona autumnalis lilacina … English: Equador Amazon, Lilacine Amazon … Dutch: Equador Amazone … German: Ekuadoramazone … French: Amazone liliac, Amazone de Equador – CITES II – Endangered Species

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          Salvin’s Amazon Parrot

           

          The Salvin Amazon’s is a subspecies of the Red-lored Amazon and is only found in a small area around southeast Nicaragua, Caribbean slopes of Costa Rica, Panama, Western Colombia and extreme northwest Venezuela; hybridises with autumnalis in northeast Nicaragua and lilacina in extreme southwest Colombia.

          Due to its small distribution area there have never been large numbers exported from the wild and are not common in captivity but thankfully it appears they are still relatively common in the wild.

          Description:

          The Salvin’s Amazon is slightly larger than the nominate Red Lored Amazon averages 13.75 to 14 inches (~35 cm) in length (including tail) with a wing length of 7.75 to 9 inches (200 – 230 mm).

          It looks like the Red Lored Amazon, except instead of yellow, the cheeks and ear-coverts are green. Also the inner webs of the outer tail-feathers are red.

          Males and females look alike; although some breeders opine that mature females have brown irises while mature males have a golden iris.

          If identifying the correct sex is important, this imprecise technique may not suffice and DNA sexing is recommended.

          Side-by-side Comparison: Red Lored Amazon Parrot compared to Salvin's Amazon Parrot

          Breeding / Nesting:

          • Average Clutch Size: 3 eggs
          • Incubation days: 26

          Training and Behavioral Guidance:

          Salvin’s Amazon Parrots are intelligent parrots that respond well to training.


          More Amazon Parrot Information


          Taxonomy:

          Species: Scientific: Amazona autumnalis salvini … English: Salvin’s Amazon … Dutch: Salvin’s Amazone … German: Salvin Amazone … French: Amazone de Salvin – CITES II – Endangered Species

          Photo of author

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