Timneh African Grey vs Congo: Key Differences

African Grey parrots (Psittacus Erithacus), renowned for their intelligence and sociability, come in two distinct sub-species: the Timneh and the Congo

While they share many similarities, their differences in physical attributes, geographic origins, personalities, talking abilities, and care requirements set them apart. 

For avian enthusiasts and potential bird owners, understanding these nuances is crucial. 

This article delves into the key distinctions between these two remarkable birds, guiding you in choosing the perfect feathered companion.

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    Timneh African Grey vs Congo

    Timneh African Grey vs Congo: Quick Summary

    Characteristic         Timneh African Grey   Congo African Grey    
    Size                   9-11 inches           14-16 inches          
    Weight                 9-13 ounces           12-23 ounces          
    Color & Appearance     Darker grey plumage, rust-red tail, pink upper beak            Predominantly grey and white, bright crimson tail          
    Geographic Origins     Western Africa        Central Africa        
    Temperament            More relaxed, matures quickly               Starts around one year, and mimics the voice of the person
    Talking Ability        Starts around 6 months, in their own voice                 Those wanting a one-person companion  
    Care Needs             Spacious cage, balanced diet, toys for mental stimulationSpacious cage, balanced diet, toys for mental stimulation
    Ideal For              Families, those with limited space         Those wanting a one person companion  

    Physical Differences


    The two African Grey parrots, though closely related, exhibit distinct differences in size that can be crucial for potential owners. 

    The Timneh African Grey, often considered the more petite of the two, typically measures between 9 and 11 inches in length. 

    This compact size can be advantageous for those with limited space or for those who prefer a bird that’s easier to manage. 

    Conversely, the Congo African Grey parrot boasts a more imposing stature, with an average length ranging from 14 to 16 inches. 

    This difference in size isn’t just about aesthetics; it can also influence the bird’s housing needs, with the Congo requiring a more spacious environment.

    We will discuss this in more detail in a later section.

    Congo African Greys are larger in size


    The difference in weight between the Timneh and Congo impacts their overall agility and demeanor. 

    The lighter Timneh, weighing between 9 and 13 ounces, often displays nimbleness in its movements, making them agile fliers and climbers. 

    Their lighter weight can also mean they’re less intimidating for first-time bird owners. 

    In contrast, the Congo, with its weight ranging from 12 to 23 ounces, has a more robust presence. 

    This heftier weight can sometimes make them less inclined to sudden flights, but it also means they can be more dominant, especially when interacting with other birds or pets.

    Color & Appearance

    The visual distinction between the Timneh and Congo African Grey parrots is striking. 

    The Congo is renowned for its bright crimson tail, which stands out against its predominantly silver-grey plumage. 

    This tail, combined with their slightly scalloped feathers, gives them an elegant appearance. 

    The Timneh, on the other hand, showcases a more muted rust-red or maroon-colored tail. 

    Their overall plumage is a shade darker, often described as a charcoal hue. 

    Moreover, the Timneh’s feathers have a more uniform and sleek appearance, reflecting its more compact stature.

    Additionally, the Timneh’s pinkish upper beak sets it apart, adding to its unique charm. 

    These color variations aren’t just for show; they can also play a role in the bird’s camouflage in their natural habitats. 

    For instance, the Congo’s brighter tail might help it blend into the brighter foliage of central Africa, while the Timneh’s darker shade is more suited to the dimmer forests of western Africa. 

    This brings us to the next difference – their geographical origins

    Geographic Origins

    The African continent, with its diverse landscapes and ecosystems, is the native homeland of both the Timneh and Congo African Grey parrots. 

    The Congo African Grey primarily hails from central Africa, with its range spanning countries like Kenya, Cote d’Ivoire, and even reaching the dense African rainforests of the Democratic Republic of Congo. 

    This central location provides them with a rich, biodiverse environment, abundant in food and shelter. 

    In contrast, the Timneh African Grey has its roots in the western parts of Africa. 

    Their habitat stretches along the coasts, from the dense forests of Cote d’Ivoire to the lush green expanses of Ghana and Guinea Bissau. 

    Sadly, the populations of these majestic birds in their native environments have dwindled in recent years due to habitat loss, illegal pet trade, and hunting. 

    Conservation efforts are ongoing to protect these birds and their natural habitats. 

    As potential or current bird owners, it’s crucial to be informed about the conservation status of these species. 

    Timneh African Greys

    Supporting ethical breeding practices, purchasing from reputable sources, and raising awareness about their plight can contribute to the conservation of these magnificent birds.

    As an aside, if you are looking to get an African Grey as a pet, we strongly recommend looking at the option of adoption before you go out to look for African Grey breeders.

    There are some common misconceptions around hand-raised (breeder raised) vs parent raised birds that you can read about here.

    Coming back to the topic of Timneh vs Congo African Greys, the distinct geographic origins of Congo and Timneh African Greys not only influence their physical characteristics but also their behaviors and dietary preferences. 

    Let’s discuss these in the next section.

    Personality and Behavior

    African Grey parrots, both Timneh and Congo, are renowned for their intelligence and sociability, often considered among the most intelligent of all parrot species. 

    However, their personalities and behaviors exhibit nuances that potential owners should be aware of.

    Timneh African Grey

    The Timneh, often maturing more rapidly than its Congo counterpart, tends to showcase a more relaxed demeanor. 

    This early maturity means they often settle into new environments with ease, adapting quickly to their owners and surroundings. 

    Their behavior is generally even-keeled, making them less prone to anxiety-related behaviors such as feather picking. 

    Their temperament, combined with their ability to bond with multiple family members, makes them versatile companions suitable for both families and individuals.

    Congo African Grey

    The Congo Grey, with its larger size, often carries a more dominant presence. 

    They take a bit longer to mature, undergoing a more pronounced hormonal adolescent period. 

    Once past this stage, they can be as relaxed and easy-going as the Timneh. 

    However, one distinct trait of the Congo is its tendency to form a deep bond with a single individual. 

    This strong bond can lead them to be more territorial, especially if they perceive a threat to their favored human. 

    Their bonding nature means they require consistent interaction and can become distressed if left alone for extended periods.

    Congos form strong bond with a single human

    Both species, given their high intelligence, need mental stimulation. Toys, puzzles, and regular interaction are crucial to keeping them engaged. 

    Without proper engagement, both can exhibit signs of boredom or depression, leading to unwanted behaviors like screeching or feather plucking. 

    Their social nature also means they thrive on interaction, whether it’s with their human companions, other birds, or even through mimicking sounds and speech.

    Both the Timneh and Congo African Greys are affectionate and intelligent birds. 

    However, Timneh’s are better suited for families, whereas African Greys are a good match for individual bird owners. 

    Talking Ability

    African Grey parrots, both Timneh and Congo, are celebrated for their remarkable talking abilities, often rivaling and even surpassing other parrot species in their vocal prowess.

    Timneh African Grey Parrot

    Timnehs begin showcasing their talking abilities at an earlier age, often starting as young as six months. 

    Their speech, while clear, tends to retain its own unique voice, mimicking words more than the exact tone. 

    This gives their speech a distinct character, making interactions with them both entertaining and endearing. 

    Their early start in talking often means they accumulate a vast vocabulary over time.

    Timneh’s are early talkers

    Congo African Grey Parrot

    Congos, on the other hand, start their vocal journey a bit later, typically around the one-year mark. 

    However, what they might lack in early start, they make up for in precision. 

    Congos are known to mimic not just the words but the exact tone and voice of the person they’re imitating. 

    This ability can lead to amusing scenarios where they switch between voices depending on the word or phrase they’ve learned.

    Both species possess an intelligence that’s often likened to that of a young child

    Beyond mere mimicry, they can understand context, identify shapes and colors, and even engage in rudimentary conversations. 

    Their talking ability isn’t just a testament to their intelligence but also a reflection of their deep bond with their human companions.

    Housing African Grey Parrots

    Both species require spacious cages to accommodate their size and provide room for movement. 

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      Cage Size for Timneh African Grey

      Given their slightly smaller size, a cage measuring at least 36 inches in width, 24 inches in depth, and 48 inches in height is recommended. 

      This provides ample space for them to move, stretch, and play.

      Cage Size for Congo African Grey

      For the larger Congo African Grey, a cage measuring a minimum of 40 inches in width, 30 inches in depth, and 60 inches in height is advisable. 

      This ensures they have enough room to comfortably spread their wings and engage in activities.

      Regardless of the species, the cage should have horizontal bars to encourage climbing. The bar spacing should be between 3/4 inch and 1 inch to ensure safety. 

      Both birds need large cages, though the Congo is slightly bigger in size

      Additionally, the cage should be equipped with sturdy perches of varying diameters, toys for mental stimulation, and easy access to food and water dishes.

      It’s always a good practice to provide the largest cage possible (within your household), ensuring the bird has plenty of space to live and play. 

      If the bird is expected to spend a significant amount of time inside the cage, then opting for a larger size is always beneficial.

      Care and Maintenance

      Caring for an African Grey, whether it’s a Timneh or Congo, is a long-term commitment, given their potential lifespan of up to 60 years in captivity. 

      Their intelligence and social nature demand dedicated attention to ensure their well-being.


      A balanced diet is crucial for their health. 

      While seeds and pellets form the base, fresh fruits, vegetables, and occasional protein sources like boiled eggs should be included. 

      Calcium-rich foods, like cuttlebone, can be beneficial. Always ensure that fresh water is available.

      Both species of African Grey parrots have similar dietary requirements. 

      However, the Congo African Grey has a slightly higher caloric requirement than the Timneh due to its size.

      Mental Stimulation & Social Interaction

      Given their intelligence, African Greys need toys, puzzles, and activities to keep their minds active. 

      Rotating toys and introducing new challenges can prevent boredom.

      Simultaneously, regular interaction is vital. 

      Daily out-of-cage time, training sessions, and simple conversations can strengthen the bond between the bird and owner.

      If adequate mental and social stimulation is not provided, both birds can exhibit signs of stress, anxiety, and depression. 

      This can manifest in behaviors such as feather plucking, self-mutilation, excessive vocalizations, and even aggression. 

      A lack of engagement can also lead to cognitive decline. 

      It is crucial for African Grey owners to ensure their birds receive consistent mental and social enrichment


      Regular check-ups, especially with an avian veterinarian, are essential. 

      Monitoring their behavior, feather condition, and droppings can provide early indicators of potential health issues.

      Given the intelligence and sensitivity of African Greys, they can sometimes exhibit subtle signs of stress or health issues. 

      An avian veterinarian can provide guidance on care, diet, and behavioral concerns, ensuring your parrot remains healthy and happy.

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        Your African Grey may start feather plucking and biting if not cared for


        The price of any bird varies depending on several factors, such as the bird’s age, sex, and subspecies. It also depends on which country you are buying from.

        In the US, the cost of an African Grey parrot can range from $500 to $4,000

        Within the two species, the Congo African Grey tends to be slightly more expensive than the Timneh because of its larger size and popularity.

        Where you choose to purchase the parrot can also impact the price. For instance, buying from a pet store might have a different cost compared to purchasing directly from a private breeder. 

        Some breeders may offer additional incentives such as free shipping, a complimentary travel cage, and toys included with the bird purchase.

        However, we would suggest you try to adopt a bird before looking to buy a new one. 

        Parrots are one of the most rehomed pets. One parrot can see as many as five to seven families in its lifetime. Rehoming a bird gives it another chance to enrich another person’s life.

        And while people think it is easier to work with a hand-raised (breeder) bird, they come with their own challenges. Because they are human-raised, they tend to be more clingy and demanding of your time. 

        In fact, it is as easy (or difficult) to tame an adopted bird as compared to a breeder bird.

        Lastly, please buy only from a reputed breeder if you have to. There are many shady dealers and scam artists in the bird breeding business, so avoid falling into any kind of trap.

        Which Breed is Right for You?

        Choosing between the Timneh and Congo African Grey parrots is not just about aesthetic preferences; it’s about understanding the unique characteristics of each breed and aligning them with your lifestyle and expectations.

        Lifestyle Considerations

        If you live in a smaller space or are new to bird ownership, the more compact size of the Timneh might be more manageable. 

        Their generally relaxed demeanor and ability to bond with multiple family members make them versatile companions. 

        On the other hand, if you have ample space and are drawn to a bird with a commanding presence, the larger Congo might be more appealing.

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          Congos are better for individuals

          Bonding Preferences

          For those who desire a deep, one-on-one bond with their bird, the Congo, known for its tendency to form strong attachments to a single individual, might be the ideal choice. 

          However, if you’re looking for a bird that can form bonds with multiple family members, the Timneh’s more sociable nature might be a better fit.

          Experience Level

          First-time pet owners might find the Timneh parrot’s more docile nature and quicker maturity more manageable. 

          In contrast, seasoned bird enthusiasts might appreciate the challenge and reward of nurturing a Congo’s intelligence and strong personality.


          Both breeds demand time, attention, and a long-term commitment, given their potential lifespan of up to 60 years. 

          It’s essential to assess your readiness to invest in their care, training, and social needs.

          Can Congo and Timneh African Greys Breed?

          Yes, Congo and Timneh African Greys can interbreed. When these two subspecies mate, the resulting offspring are hybrids. 

          Note that even though these crosses are very rare, they are said to be viable and fertile (able to produce young). 

          These hybrids are smaller in size than the Congo African Grey, with the darker grey plumage of the Timneh.

          It’s worth noting that breeding different subspecies or species can sometimes lead to offspring with unpredictable characteristics, both in terms of physical appearance and behavior. 

          In the aviculture community, there are mixed opinions about intentionally breeding hybrids. 

          Some breeders and enthusiasts believe in preserving the purity of each subspecies or species, while others might not have strong reservations about producing hybrid birds.

          If you are considering breeding or purchasing a hybrid, it’s essential to research and understand the potential implications.

          For example, hybrid offspring from Congo and Timneh African Greys can exhibit mixed physical and behavioral traits, making identification and training unpredictable. 

          Moreover, while their unique appearances can be intriguing, they might face heightened health vulnerabilities due to genetic mixing. 

          Additionally, hybrids may not command the same market value as purebreds. 

          Owners should be prepared for potential care challenges and consult avian experts before acquiring or breeding hybrid parrots.


          Both the Timneh and Congo African Grey parrots offer a unique blend of intelligence, beauty, and companionship. 

          Their distinct personalities, behaviors, and care needs cater to different owner’s preferences and lifestyles. 

          Whether you’re drawn to Timneh’s sociable nature or the Congo’s commanding presence, understanding their unique characteristics ensures a harmonious bond. 

          Embrace the journey of pet ownership, cherishing the joys and challenges that come with these incredible avian companions.

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          Team Beauty of Birds

          Beautyofbirds.com's team of experts includes veterinarians, biologists, environmentalists and active bird watchers. All put together, we have over half a century of experience in the birding space.

          You can meet our team here.
          Team Beauty of Birds is separate from the “Parrot Parent University” parrot training course and its instructors.

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