Brown-throated Conures – also known as the Brown-throated Parakeets

The Brown-throated Conures (Aratinga pertinax) – also known as the Brown-throated Parakeets or St. Thomas Conures – are endemic to northern South America, specifically Aruba, Barbados, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, French Guiana, Guyana, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Panama, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Venezuela, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

Their natural habitats include subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, and subtropical or tropical dry shrubland.

Description

The Brown-throated Conure averages 10 ins (25 cm) in length. Its general plumage is green. The forehead, sides of head and chin are yellowish-orange. The crown is bluish, and the throat and upper breast are pale olive-brown. The lower breast is yellowish-green, turning into orange on the abdomen. The under wing-coverts are yellowish-green.

The tips of the primaries (longest wing feathers) are bluish. The outer webs of secondaries (shorter, upper “arm” feathers) blue and the underside of tail and wings are olive-yellow. They have a whitish periophthalmic ring and yellow irides (= plural of iris). The bill is blackish and the feet are grey.

Immature brown-throated conureshave brown cheeks and horn-colored upper beak,; throat and upper breast are greenish.

Conure Info / Conures as PetsIndex of Conure SpeciesPhotos of the Different Conure Species for IdentificationConures as PetsCommon Health Problems of ConureConure Nutrition / Foods

Similar Species

The Brown-throated Conure looks similar to the Aztec Conure – however, the Brown-throated Conure can easily be distinguished by the yellow rings around its eyes. (Please refer to photo above)

Personality / Pet Potential

The Brown-throated Conure, and its related subspecies (listed below), are intelligent birds that have the capability to talk. However, as is the case with any parrot species, there never is a guarantee that an individual bird will actually learn to talk.

Brown-throated Conures usually make very affectionate pets – provided they are well socialized and handled frequently. Brown-throated Conures tend to choose one member of the family to bond with rather than bonding with multiple people.

The Brown-throated Conure may be very loud and can be prone to destructive behavior. They need to have plenty of toys to keep them from growing bored.

The Brown Throated Conure has an average lifespan of 10 years, though – with proper care – they can live to be 25. 

These conures are fairly easy to breed. 


Taxonomy

Genus: Scientific: Aratinga … English: Conures … Dutch: Wigstaartparkieten … German: Keilschwanzsittiche … French: Aratinga

Species: Scientific: Aratinga pertinax aeruginosa aka Eupsittula pertinax aeruginosa … English: Brown-throated Conure … Dutch: Bruinwangparkiet … German: Braunwangensittich … French: Perruche à joues brunes

Nominate Species and Sub-Species: ocularis, pertinax, xanthogenia, arubensis, aeruginosa, griseipecta, lehmanni, tortugensis, margaritensis, venezuelae, chrysophrys, surinama, chrysogenys, paraensis

CITES II – Endangered

Distribution: Northern Colombia, North-western Venezuela


Sub-species

Aruba Conures or Aruba Brown-throated Conures: Please scroll up for additional information

Genus: Scientific: Aratinga … English: Conures … Dutch: Wigstaartparkieten … German: Keilschwanzsittiche … French: Aratinga

Species: Scientific: Aratinga pertinax arubensis … English: Aruba Brown-throated Conures, Aruba Conures … Dutch: Aruba Bruinwangparkiet … German: Aruba Braunwangensittich … French: Perruche Mais de Aruba … CITES II – Endangered

Distribution: Island of Bonaire in Netherlands Antilles, Northern Coast Venezuela


Bonaire Brown-throated Conures: Please scroll up for additional information

Genus: Scientific: Aratinga … English: Conures … Dutch: Wigstaartparkieten … German: Keilschwanzsittiche … French: Aratinga

Species: Scientific: Aratinga pertinax xanthogenia aka Eupsittula pertinax xanthogenia … English: Bonaire Brown-throated Conure … Dutch: Bonaire Bruinwangparkiet … German: Bonairesittich … French: Perruche à joues orangées … CITES II – Endangered

Distribution: Island of Bonaire in Netherlands Antilles, Northern Coast Venezuela


Brazilien Brown-throated Conures: Please scroll up for additional information

Genus: Scientific: Aratinga … English: Conures … Dutch: Wigstaartparkieten … German: Keilschwanzsittiche … French: Aratinga

Species: Scientific: Aratinga pertinax chrysogenys aka Eupsittula pertinax chrysogenys … English: Brazilien Brown-throated Conure … Dutch: Braziliaanse Bruinwangparkiet … German: Brasilien Braunwangensittich … French: Perruche Mais du Rio Negro … CITES II – Endangered

Distribution: Negro River Region, North-western Brazil


Brown-eared Conures: Please scroll up for additional information

Genus: Scientific: Aratinga … English: Conures … Dutch: Wigstaartparkieten … German: Keilschwanzsittiche … French: Aratinga

Species: Scientific: Aratinga pertinax ocularis aka Eupsittula pertinax ocularis … English: Brown-eared Conure, Veragua Brown-throated Conure … Dutch: Bruinooraratinga … German: Augenstreif Braunwangensittich … French: Perruche Mais de Panama … CITES II – Endangered

Distribution: Pacific lslands of Panama


Colombian Brown-throated Conures: Please scroll up for additional information

Genus: Scientific: Aratinga … English: Conures … Dutch: Wigstaartparkieten … German: Keilschwanzsittiche … French: Aratinga

Species: Scientific: Aratinga pertinax lehmanni aka Eupsittula pertinax lehmanni … English: Colombian Brown-throated Conure … Dutch: Colombiaanse Bruinwangparkiet … German: Kolumbianischer Braunwangensittich … French: Perruche Mais de Colombie … CITES II – Endangered

Distribution: Eastern Colombia


Ecuadorian White-eyed Conures: Please scroll up for additional information

Genus: Scientific: Aratinga … English: Conures … Dutch: Wigstaartparkieten … German: Keilschwanzsittiche … French: Aratinga

Species: Scientific:Aratinga leucophthalmus callogenys aka Psittacara leucophthalmus callogenys … English: Ecuadorian White-eyed Conure … Dutch: Equador Witoogaratinga … German: Ekuador Weißaugensittich … French: Perruche de Guyana Salvadori … CITES II – Endangered

Distribution: Tropical Zone Eastern Ecuador, North-eastern Peru, Upper Amazon, North-western Brazil


Margarita Conures: Please scroll up for additional information

Genus: Scientific: Aratinga … English: Conures … Dutch: Wigstaartparkieten … German: Keilschwanzsittiche … French: Aratinga

Species: Scientific: Aratinga acuticaudata neoxena aka Thectocercus acuticaudata neoxena … English: Margarita Conure … Dutch: Margarita Blauwvoorhoofdparkiet … German: Margarita Blaustirnsittich … French: Conure à front bleu de Margarita … CITES II – Endangered

Distribution: area of Boca del Rio on Venezuelan island of Margarita


Orange-cheeked Conures aka Guiana Brown-throated Conures: Please scroll up for additional information

Genus: Scientific: Aratinga … English: Conures … Dutch: Wigstaartparkieten … German: Keilschwanzsittiche … French: Aratinga

Species: Scientific: Aratinga pertinax chrysophrys aka Eupsittula pertinax chrysophrys … English: Guiana Brown-throated Conure, Orange-cheeked Conure … Dutch: Guayana Bruinwangparkiet … German: Guayana Braunwangensittich … French: Perruche Mais de Guyane … CITES II – Endangered

Distribution: Guyana, Cerro Roraima district, South-eastern Venezuela, extreme Northern Roraima, Brazil


Saint Thomas Brown-throated Conures: Please scroll up for additional information

Genus: Scientific: Aratinga … English: Conures … Dutch: Wigstaartparkieten … German: Keilschwanzsittiche … French: Aratinga

Species: Scientific: Aratinga pertinax pertinax aka Eupsittula pertinax pertinax … English: Saint Thomas Brown-throated Conure … Dutch: Maisparkiet, Pertinax Parkiet … German: Sankt Thomas Braunwangensittich … French: Perruche à joues orangées … CITES II – Endangered

Distribution: Island of Curacao in Netherlands Antilles, Northern Coast Venezuela


Sinú Brown-throated Conures: Please scroll up for additional information

Genus: Scientific: Aratinga … English: Conures … Dutch: Wigstaartparkieten … German: Keilschwanzsittiche … French: Aratinga

Species: Scientific: Aratinga pertinax griseipecta aka Eupsittula pertinax grisreipecta … English: Sinú Brown-throated Conure … Dutch: Sinú Bruinwangparkiet … German: Sinú Braunwangensittich … French: Perruche Mais à gorge grise … CITES II – Endangered

Distribution: Sinú River Valley in North-eastern Colombia


Surinam Brown-throated Conures aka Surinam Conures: Please scroll up for additional information

Genus: Scientific: Aratinga … English: Conures … Dutch: Wigstaartparkieten … German: Keilschwanzsittiche … French: Aratinga

Species: Scientific: Aratinga pertinax surinama aka Eupsittula pertinax surinama … English: Surinam Brown-throated Conure, Surinam Conure … Dutch: Surinaamse Bruinwangparkiet … German: Surinamischer Braunwangensittich … French: Perruche Mais du Surinam … CITES II – Endangered

Distribution: French Guiana and Surinam. North-eastern Venezuela


Tapajos Brown-throated Conures: Please scroll up for additional information

Genus: Scientific: Aratinga … English: Conures … Dutch: Wigstaartparkieten … German: Keilschwanzsittiche … French: Aratinga

Species: Scientific: Aratinga pertinax paraensis aka Eupsittula pertinax paraensis … English:Tapajos Brown-throated Conure … Dutch: Tapajos Bruinwangparkiet … German: Tapaj¢s Braunwangensittich … French: Perruche Mais de Para … CITES II – Endangered

Distribution: Tapajos River, Cururu, Northern Brazil


Tortuga Brown-throated Conures: Please scroll up for additional information

Genus: Scientific: Aratinga … English: Conures … Dutch: Wigstaartparkieten … German: Keilschwanzsittiche … French: Aratinga

Species: Scientific: Aratinga pertinax tortugensis aka Eupsittula pertinax tortugensis … English: Tortuga Brown-throated Conure … Dutch: Tortuga Bruinwangparkiet … German: Tortuga Braunwangensittich … French: Perruche Mais du Tortuga … CITES II – Endangered

Distribution: Tortuga Island, off the Northern Coast of Venezuela


Venezuelan Brown-throated Conures (Aratinga pertinax venezuelae)

Photo of author

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