Tui Parakeets

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    The Tui Parakeet (Brotogeris sanctithomae) is found along the entire length of the Amazon River, as well as its tributaries – specifically the Amazon range of Brazil to eastern Ecuador and northern Bolivia.

    In the late ’60s and early ’70s, these parakeets were imported into the United States in large numbers until the importation ceased following an export ban.

    At the time, there was little interest in breeding these parakeets and nowadays this parakeet is almost nonexistent in the U.S.

    Now the delightful little Tui Parakeets are highly sought after by aviculturists.

    These hardy little birds are quite long-lived for their size, some having lived up to 35 years.

    Sub-Species / Races Including Nominate:

    • Tui Parakeets (B.s. sanctithomae) – Nominate Species
      • Range: Amazon Basin of Brazil and Amazonian north-eastern Peru and northernmost Bolivia; as well as a minor range into eastern Ecuador, and the river border of far south-eastern Colombia.
    • Santarém Tui Parakeets (B.s. takatsukasae)
      • Range: Northern Brazil, Eastern Amazonas.

    Description:

    The Tui Parakeet looks like miniature Yellow-crowned Amazon parrots (other than lacking the red wing highlights of the Amazon parrot). The plumage of the Tui Parakeet is generally bright green with a slightly darker wing, and a large patch of yellow on their forehead.

    The Tui Parakeet is a small parrot, averaging 6.5 – 6.8 inches (~17 cm) in length and weighing around 2 oz (58g). They have a medium to short, somewhat wedge-shaped tail.

    They have a dark reddish-brownish bill, white eye rings, and pale grey irises.

    Differentiation from sub-species

    Brotogeris - Sub-species Comparisons

    The Santarém Tui Parakeets is a little smaller than the nominate Tui Parakeet, averaging 6 inches (16 cm) in length. They look like the nominate species featured above, but they have a variably marked yellow stripe / spot behind eye, and the yellow patch to the forehead is often more extensive (please refer to image on the right).

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      Adult Colorization:

      Tui Parakeets (B.s. sanctithomae)

      • Both adults in general yellow/green; yellow forehead, lores (the regions between the eyes and bill on the side of a bird’s head) and forecrown.The bill is dark orange/brownThe eyes are yellow and the eye rings bare and pale grey.

      Santarém Tui Parakeets (B.s. takatsukasae)

      • Both adults look like the nominate form – the Tui Parakeet – but they have a distinctive yellow streak behind the eyes (please refer to the image to the right).

      Immature / Young Birds:

      As adults, but they have a darker brown bill, and the irises are dark grey.

      Calls / Vocalizations:

      Calls made in flight are rapid and repetitious screeching. Their calls range from shrill screeching to chattering.

      Tui Parakeets

      Diet / Feeding:

      In their natural habitat, these parakeets may feed on the following:

      • Seeds (including sprouted seeds)
      • Fruits (including berries)
      • Flowers. Nectar, Greens and Plant Matter
      • Minerals and Grit: They are often seen visiting barreiros (areas where mineral-rich soil is readily available) and river banks to feed on soil.
      • Insects and their larvae
      • They are also found in manioc and cane sugar fields.

      Captive diet: They should be provided a varied diet consisting of:

      • A good quality “cockatiel” seed mix (safflower, oats, some sunflower, hemp seeds, buckwheat, canary grass seed, rowanberries, etc.) and millet spray
      • Plenty of fruit (including berries and apples) and vegetables (grated / slices carrots, corn, etc.); green foods, such as dandelions and other plant material
      • Sprouted or germinated seeds are usually more easily accepted by “seed addicts” than fresh fruits and vegetables.
      • Soft foods, such as porridge, yeast and oat flakes; wheatgerm and honey
      • Animal protein (dried shrimp)
      • Dust the fresh food items with a green food supplement (such as wheat grass powder) and an all-inclusive vitamin and mineral supplement.
      • They are not hard chewers, but should be provided fresh twigs and branches with flowers regularly

      Tui Parakeet

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      Taxonomy:

      Class: Aves — Birds, oiseaux

      Order: Psittaciformes — Parrots, perroquets

      Family: Psittacidae — aras, cacatoès, Cockatoos, Lories, Macaws, Parrots, perroquets

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        Subfamily: Psittacinae

        Species: Scientific: Brotogeris sanctithomae sanctithomae … English: Tui Parakeet … Dutch: Tui Parkiet … German: Tuisittich … French: Perruche Tui


        Sub-species

        Santarém Tui Parakeets (Brotogeris sanctithomae takatsukasae)

        Santarém Tui Parakeets

         

        The Santarém Tui Parakeet is endemic to Northern Brazil, Eastern Amazonas. Their preferred habitat includes rain forest and tall secondary forest areas, as well as open areas, agricultural land and wooded marshland. Although they are common throughout most of their range, some decline has been noted in localities due to deforestation.

        They are usually seen in pairs or small groups of 4 to 12 birds. On occasion, large flocks of them can be found in favorite foraging sites. Their plumage camouflages them well in the foliage, but their loud calls draws attention to them. Their calls range from shrill screeching to chattering. Their flight is swift and direct.

        Description:

        The Santarém Tui Parakeets is a little smaller than the nominate Tui Parakeet, averaging 6 inches (16 cm) in length. Although other than small difference in size, they look like the nominate species, but they have a variably marked stripe behind eye, and the yellow patch to the forehead is often more extensive (please refer to above image).

        Breeding your Brotogeris – All you need to know about setting up and maintaining your breeding pairs

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          Diet:

          In their natural habitat, these parakeets may feed on the following:

          • Seeds (including sprouted seeds)
          • Fruits (including berries and figs)
          • Flowers. Nectar, Greens and Plant Matter
          • Minerals and Grit: They are often seen visiting barreiros (areas where mineral-rich soil is readily available) and river banks to feed on soil.
          • Algae
          • Insects and their larvae

          Captive Diet:

          They should be provided a varied diet that includes any of the below:

          • A high-quality dry parrot mix (cockatiel dry food mix is fine). Dr. Harvey’s Bird Food Mixes or Lafeber are convenient options that lack many of the harmful additives that are commonly found in commercial mixes and have a great variety of quality ingredients (including dried fruits, veggies, herbs / greens and even superfoods, such as bee pollen!) – in short: myriad nourishing ingredients that are not found in other commercially available bird mixes. However, our biggest grievance with their products is that they use sulphurated dried produce (a process which also requires chemicals), but it is very difficult to find mixes with unsulphurated fruits and veggies. You could just buy the seeds, nuts and grain mix and buy human-grade unsulphurated dried produce / greens as well as bee pollen and mix them in. Even organic trail mixes (WITHOUT CHOCOLATE!) work great. With a little creativity you can put a mix together that offers superior nutrition without the chemicals typically found in commercial brands.
          • Sprouted Seeds: sprouted sunflower; sprouted millet spray. Sprouted or germinated seeds are usually more easily accepted by “seed addicts” than fresh fruits and vegetables.
          • Fresh fruit (such as bananas, berries, figs, rose hips)Edible flowers
          • Nectar: Lory food; porridge of oat flakes; or wheatgerm and honey
          • Vegetables (one favorite is half-ripe corn)
          • Green foods / plant material, such as dandelion, clover, chickweed, rowanberries, etc.. In the wild, they like to chew rotten stumps and search for larvaeBranches with buds and flowers
          • Animal protein (such as dried shrimp)
          • Vitamin and mineral supplements (especially important if nutritional variety and quality hasn’t been maintained)

          Feeding your pet bird for good health and longevity

          These parakeets are messy eaters and scatter any soft food over their cages (as is typical of most parrots). Carefully planning the set up will facilitate the daily clean-up.

          Taxonomy:

          Class: Aves — Birds, oiseaux

          Order: Psittaciformes — Parrots, perroquets

          Family: Psittacidae — aras, cacatoès, Cockatoos, Lories, Macaws, Parrots, perroquets … Subfamily: Psittacinae

          Species: Scientific: Brotogeris sanctithomae takatsukasae … English: Santarém Tui Parakeet, Taka-Tsukasa Parakeet … Dutch: Geelstrepen Tui Parkiet … German: Gelbstreifen Tuisittich … French: Perruche Tui Neumann


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