Rose-ringed Parakeets (Psittacula krameri)

The Rose-ringed Parakeets (Psittacula krameri) – also known as Ring-necked Parakeets – are endemic to Northern and West Africa in Guinea, Senegal and southern Mauretania east to western Uganda and southern Sudan; as well as Southern Asia (depending on the sub-species).

These gregarious tropical parakeets are popular in the pet industry, and their numbers are decreasing in some areas due to trapping for the pet trade. The Rose-ringed Parakeet’s population has dropped dramatically in many areas of the Indian subcontinent.

In India, the royals prized them as pets and for their ability to speak; and owning one of these birds, represented a popular status symbol in the Indian culture.

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    These beautiful and elegant birds can live 25 to 30 years.

    Other Web Resources:  Ringneck / Long-tailed ParakeetsRingneck Photo GalleryRingneck parrots as Pets (Behavior and Training)

    Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri)

    Roseringed Parakeet

    Bookmarks on this page:

    Neumann's Ringneck Parakeet

    Recognized Subspecies and Ranges:

    • African subspecies:
      • African Rose-ringed Parakeet (P. krameri krameri)
        • Range: West Africa in Guinea, Senegal and southern Mauretania, east to Western Uganda and Southern Sudan.
      • Abyssinian Rose-ringed Parakeet (P. krameri parvirostris)
        • Range: Northwest Somalia, west across northern Ethiopia to Sennar district, Sudan.
    Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri Male
    • Asian subspecies:
      • Indian Rose-ringed Parakeet (P. krameri manillensis):
        • Range: Southern Indian subcontinent. Feral populations have been introduced worldwide.
      • Neumann’s Rose-ringed Parakeet (P. krameri borealis)
        • Range: East Pakistan, northern India and Nepal to central India. Feral populations have been introduced worldwide.  


    Ringnecks in the wild mostly have a green plumage. The face, abdomen and under wing-coverts are yellowish-green. The nape and the back of the head is variably washed with blue. There is a broad chin / cheek-stripe and a black narrow line from cere to eye. There is a narrow pink band to nape. The upperside of the middle tail-feathers are blue with greenish-yellow tips. The outer feathers are green. The underside of outer tail-feathers are olive-yellowish. The middle feathers are blackish. The bill is blackish-red with black tips. The irises are yellowish-white and the feet are greenish-grey.

    Numerous striking color mutations of Rose-ringed parakeets have occurred in captivity, including white (albinos), blue, grey and lutino (yellow).

    The females look like males, except they lack the black stripe to the cheek and pink band to the nape. The nape is variably washed with blue and the middle tail-feathers on average shorter.

    Juveniles resemble the adult females, but they have a pale pink bill. Their eyes are grey-white. The adult plumage starts to appear at 18 months, and is usually completed by 32 months.

    Their average adult weight is 4.5 oz or 130 g.

    Ringneck ColorsLength, including Tail Feathers:

    • The African Rose-ringed Parakeet measures about 40 centimeter or 15.7 inches in length. The tail accounts for a large portion of the length.
    • The Abyssinian Rose-ringed Parakeet measures approx. 40 centimeter or 15.7 inches in length.
    • The Indian Rose-ringed Parakeet measures approx. 42 centimeter or 16.5 inches
    • The Neumann’s Rose-ringed Parakeet measures approx. 43 centimeter or 16.9 inches

    Feral Rose-ringed Parakeets

    The Rose-ringed Parakeet has established feral populations in India and a number of European cities. There are stable populations in Florida and California, United States. Small populations are also found in Tehran, Iran (mostly concentrated in the northern parts of city).

    Feral Indian Ringnecks also occur in Great Britain. The largest population of several thousand birds reside around south London, Surrey and Berkshire.

    Smaller populations occur around Margate and Ramsgate, Kent, and Studland, Dorset).

    Rose-ringed Parakeets as pets

    Hand-fed, well socialized Rose-ringed Parakeets make excellent pets, provided they are given daily attention and good care.

    The Rose-ringed Parakeet is considered one of the best talking parakeets and can learn a vocabulary of up to 250 words.

    They are generally family birds and are less likely to bond to only one person, as some other parrots species might.

    Rose-ringed Parakeets are generally hardy and require less interaction than most other parakeets of their size. However, they require at least half an hour of interaction a day to remain friendly.

    They require a relatively tall cage because of their long tails. A Rose-ringed Parakeet who will be spending most of his/her day inside the cage needs a larger cage that can also accommodate lots of toys and perches. An appropriate cage would have …

    • Dimensions: 60 cm (24″) wide x 45 cm (18″) deep x 90 cm (36″) high, though the larger the better
    • Barspacing: between 1.25 cm (1/2 inch) and 1.875 cm (3/4 inch).

    Rose-ringed Parakeets are avid chewers and climbers and should have access to chewing toys in their cages.  To this end, it is important to provide plenty of bird-safe chewable wood (toys made from wood or bird-safe tree branches) and pine cones that were cleaned / heat sterilized to allow them to satisfy their natural urge to chew. Additionally, they enjoy vegetable tanned leather toys, push and pull toys, foot toys, climbing ropes, ladders and swings.

    The cages should be in a place out of direct sunlight and free of drafts. A pet or captive Rose-ringed Parakeet should be kept in a bird-safe environment.

    Other than drinking water, they should also have access to shallow water bowls for bathing and outside birds would  benefit from overhead misters.


    Small seed mixture such as: canary, millet, small amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower, sunflower; spray millet, green leaves, seeding grasses; variety of fruits such as: apple, orange, banana if accepted; complete kibble.


    Provide bird-safe chewable wood and heat sterilized pine cones, vegetable tanned leather toys, foot toys; climbing ropes, ladders, swings, push and pull toys. Also provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls for bathing.

    Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri) - also known as the Ring-necked Parakeet
    Abyssinian Parakeets

    Behavioral Challenges of the Ringneck Parrot and Behavioral Guidance (Training) 

    Diet / Feeding

    Captive Rose-ringed Parakeets should be fed a nutritionally balanced diet of pellets* and unfortified / organic seeds, and fresh fruits, vegetables and greenfood should be made available. They love nuts – but those should only be given as treats.

    Please visit this webpage to learn about their nutritional needs.

    They should always have access to fresh water in their cages.

    *Please note: When feeding pellets to your pet, please be aware of the fact that overly feeding citrus fruits (including oranges) or vitamin-C-rich foods to your birds can lead to “Iron Overload Disease” as vitamin C

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      increases the amount of iron absorbed from foods and supplements. 

      Nesting / Breeding

      Rose-ringed Ringnecks are cavity nesters. In nature, they will seek out tree holes for nesting and in captivity they freely accept nesting boxes. Even though pets are commonly kept in cages, breeders or small groups of them do best in walk-in aviaries.  The minimum size of the flight should be 14.7 feet (~4.5 meters).  Captive birds readily accept nest boxes. They favor vertical (tall boxes).  A suitable nest box size would be box: 12″ x 12″ x 18″ (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 45.7cm).  

      The average clutch consists of 4 – 6 eggs, which are incubated for about 23- 24 days. 

      The hatchlings weigh about 0.2 oz (5 g) each, but they grow fast and are able to leave the nest seven weeks later.     

      Ringneck Parrots are generally hardy birds. However, the following diseases have been reported in this species:

      Relevant Resources:

      Rose-ringed Ringneck


      In the wild, Rose-ringed Parakeets usually feed on buds, fruits, vegetables, nuts, berries and seeds.


      Species: Scientific: Psittacula krameri krameri aka Palaeornis docilis … English: Rose-ringed Parakeet, African Ring-necked Parakeet … Dutch: Rose Halsbandparkiet, Afrikaanse Halsbandparkiet … German: Afrikanischer Halsbandsittich … French: Perruche à bande rose

      CITES II – Endangered Species

      Neumann’s Ring-necked Parakeets


      Neumann's Ringneck Parakeet

      The Neumann’s Ring-necked Parakeet (Psittacula krameri borealis) is endemic to West Pakistan, northern India and Nepal to central Burma. Populations have been introduced worldwide in localities. There have been sightings of them in Hong Kong, Macao and China. This parakeet is endangered in its natural habitat and is a protected species (CITES II).

      The Neumann’s Parakeet as Pet:

      These beautiful parrots are quite hardy, and easy to train and tame — making them favorites for novice and expert hobbyists alike. Even parent-raised babies are easily tamed, and hand-feeding is not required to produce a tame, loving pet.

      However, they are said to be more aggressive than the Indian Ringnecktraining and behavior modification is necessary to discourage any undesirable behavior.

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        Socialization and regular handling, combined with lots of attention and time is the key to maintaining your tamed Ringneck’s friendly personality. If these conditions are not provided, they are likely to grow unfriendly and may become nippy.

        The Neumann’s Parakeets are social birds. In the wild, they usually live in groups. Captive birds who do not have the benefit of a community of birds to socialize with need to be provided with plenty of daily interaftion and attention.

        Some report that males make better pets, however, the opinions differ.

        Some Ringnecks make excellent talkers, while others may not learn to talk at all.

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          All of the Ringnecks are highly intelligent and require plenty of toys to keep the stimulated – rotating them regularly, will help in keeping the parrot interested and stimulated. They also enjoy chewing, so chew toys and natural wood branches are strongly recommended.

          Unlike some parrots, the Neumann’s Ringneck don’t usually like bathing — daily or at a minimum weekly misting is recommended to keep their plumage in good condition. Misting will also help keep the dander down in the environment. One has to remember that in the confinement of our homes, pollutants will collect in much greater density than they ever would in the wild. Especially in small, poorly ventilated spaces pollutants – such as dander, dried droppings and skin/feather mites – can be a major issue, daily ventilation (opening windows and doors) is the best and cheapest way to get fresh air into your home. If that is not possible — an air filtration system should be considered for those who are concerned about their pets as well as their own health.


          The Neumann’s Ringneck averages 17 ins (43 cm) in length, with a wing length of 6.5 – 7 ins (170 – 178 mm).

          The Neumann’s Ringneck is sometimes confused with other Ringneck species, especially the popular Indian Ringneck. The Neumann’s Ringneck is a little larger than the African and Indian Ringnecks and is reported to be slightly more aggressive. Other than size, they are quite similar in appearance to the nominate form (African Ringneck), except the Neumann’s Ringneck has less blue, which is limited to a narrow band at the nape. They also have pale grey coloring that appears on their breasts. Their beaks are a beautiful coral red and the lower beak may be partially or all black. Their bills are typically larger than that of the African Ringneck.

          Breeding and Propagation:

          Not much information is available — however, it is expected that breeding is similar to that of the Indian and African Ringnecks.

          Care and Feeding:

          Ringnecks love to climb and play and need to be provided with a cage that allows them to move around freely and toys to entertain themselves with. Please refer to the following websites for information:

          Training and Behavioral Guidance:

          Conures, like other parrots, generally present their owners with several challenges, such as excessive screaming or chewing. They do discover their beaks as method of “disciplining us” once they are out of the “baby stage” and they can generally be somewhat naughty, and it really is important to learn to understand them and to guide their behavior before an undesirable behavior has been established. Undisciplined parrots will chew on electric wiring potentially causing house fires. They regard anything in your home as a “toy” that can be explored and chewed on; destroying items that you may hold dear or are simply valuable. Even a young bird that has not been neglected and abused requires proper guidance; this becomes even more challenging when it involves a rescued bird that may require rehabilitation.

          • Web Resources: I put together web resources for you to help you understand your pet bird and properly direct him. Please visit the following website to learn more about parrot behavior and training.

          Species: Scientific: Psittacula krameri borealis … English: Neumann’s Ring-necked Parakeet … Dutch: Neumanns Halsbandparkiet … German: Neumanns Halsbandsittich … French: Perruche à bande rose de Pakistane

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