Cockatoos (family Cacatuidae)


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    Native to AustraliaPapua New Guinea and Indonesia, there are over 40 species. These can be divided into two main groups – the white cockatoos and the black cockatoos.

    The species available as pets range from the well-known Sulphur Crested , the Galah, the Major Mitchell, the Red tail Black Cockatoo, to the lesser known White (Umbrella) Cockatoo. These very friendly and affectionate birds make great pets.

    Outside of Australia, the Moluccan and Umbrella also make a lovely pets but are rarely kept as pets in Australia due to their expense.

    Cockatoos are a type of parrot. The cockatoo bird is generally endemic to the South Pacific islands, is generally whitish, and most notable is the bird’s crest, which it uses to display emotion.

    Galahs taking off



    (kindly provided by Dr. Rob Marshall – additional information added by Avianweb).

    Distribution / Range

    Native to Australia, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia, there are over 40 species.

    These can be divided into two main groups – the white cockatoos and the black cockatoos. The species available as pets range from the well-known Sulphur Crested , the Galah, the Major Mitchell, the Red tail Black Cockatoo, to the lesser known White (Umbrella) Cockatoo.

    Outside of Australia, the Moluccan and Umbrella also make a lovely pets but are rarely kept as pets in Australia due to their expense.


    The most obvious external feature of a cockatoo is the erectile crest that raises immediately when alarmed or excited.

    When the crest is lowered, the feathers fold back over the head and the crest is hardly visible.

    As attractive as the crests are, their major purpose is communication.

    • A raised crest can indicate that a cockatoo is displaying for its mate; defending its territory or its flock, calling its flock members; or he or she may be expressing curiosity, excitement, surprise, fear or frustration. For those approaching this parrot -a raised crest may be a warning not to touch them – or else risk being bitten.
    • A lowered crest can indicate calmness, friendliness and general approachability.

    The strong, heavy beak is used to crack large seeds but can also produce a powerful and destructive bite.

    Behavior / Training

    Consistent training from a young age will help ensure potential owners enjoy a bird free of this destructive habit. Hand reared male Red Tailed Black Cockatoos are generally less prone to bite and make better pets, especially for younger owners, for this reason.

    However, these birds require an extremely dedicated owner who is willing to provide significant and meaningful attention to this highly intelligent species.

    With a lifespan of up to 120 years with some species, these birds make wonderful life long friends. They have great characters, a “cuddly” nature and enjoy physical interaction with their owner. Birds deprived of this affection may become loud and develop unwanted behaviours.

    These friendly birds are good talkers but also possess the ability to make loud screaming noises. For this reason,they can be a challenging bird to keep and therefore require a committed owner who is willing to provide continuing obedience training.

    Wild Cckatoos

    Disease Susceptibility

    Psittacine beak and feather disease (Circovirus infection or PBFD) is a problem that is frequently encountered in the white cockatoo species. The black cockatoos are less susceptible to this disease.

    PBFD is chronic and incurable and results in poor feather growth and ultimately, complete feather loss. The beak is also affected and becomes fragile and does not repair itself.

    Due to its highly contagious nature to other parrot species, it is advisable to avoid any bird suspected of having this condition.

    Aviary Notes

    They generally require an aviary no less than four to six metres long by one to two metres wide. The best breeding results are achieved when one pair per aviary is kept. The aviary wire should be a heavy-duty grade, as they can easily chew holes through lighter grade wire.

    Similarly, the frame should be constructed of steel to avoid the birds chewing the structure away. Hollow eucalypt logs are best suited for nest boxes and should be approximately 30-40 cm in internal diameter and about 1m in length.

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      Little Corella


      • Small Cockatoos: 12-15 wks
      • Larger Cockatoo Species: 15 – 18 wks.
      • Weaning Foods: table foods mostly with tiny pellets, mixed dried fruit and vegetables; as well as mashed banana and oatmeal. For more information on weaning, please go to this webpage.


      Breeding Season

      These birds only breed once a year – usually between December and March, when vegetation growth is at its peak and food is readily available.

      Courtship and Mating

      As part of the courtship behavior, the male ruffles his feathers, spreads his tail feathers, extends his wings, and erects his crest. He then bounces about. Initially, the female ignores or avoids him, but – provided he meets her approval – will eventually allow him to approach her.

      Once he is accepted as a mate, they will both preen each other’s head and scratch each other around the tail. This serves to strengthen their pair bond. Eventually, the male will mount the female and perform the actual act of mating by joining of the cloacae. For bonded pairs, this ritual is much shorter and the female may even approach the male. Pairs leave their group and find a nesting spot in a tree.

      They form a close bond that lasts for a lifetime. If they are separated, they may slip into a deep depression. In absence of a “true” mate, they may accept a caretaker as its mate.

      Diet / Feeding

      In their natural habitat, they typically feed on various seeds, nuts and fruits, such as papaya, durian, langsat and rambutan. As they are also feed on corn growing in fields, they do considerable damage and are, therefore, considered crop pests by farmers. (BirdLife International, 2001)

      They also eat large insects, such as crickets (order Orthoptera) and skinks.

      Captive birds are usually provided a parrot mix containing various seeds, nuts and dried fruits and vegetables. Additionally, they need to be offered lots of fresh vegetables, fruits and branches (with leaves) for chewing and entertainment.

      MALE Yellow-tailed Black Cockatoo

      Cockatoos as Pests – and Cruel Measures Taken to Eliminate (Cull) Them:

      Stephanie Turner pointed out the following: “In Perth, Western Australia, they are planning to ‘cull’ Corellas; little Corellas and Long Billed. “Police in talks to shoot cockatoos in Maylands river parkland (published in Perth now”… Relevant excerpts: “DEC’s senior zoologist Dr Peter Mawson said his department had sought approval from the City of Bayswater to carry out the cull and that police had expressed interest in ‘assisting and participating’ in the event … Dr Mawson said the officers will take down the birds using either air rifles or low-powered .22 rifles but specific details are yet to be decided upon.”

      One humane method for reducing the numbers of birds was successfully employed in Germany (Neunkirchen, Saarland). In a park by a river, a habitat was created for the exploding pigeon population. A beautiful tree house with nesting condos and a feeding station.

      The food they were fed contained some drug that basically rendered them infertile. The eggs they laid were duds thus resulting in a natural reduction of pigeon numbers. If culling is necessary, a humane solution should be chosen.

      Other Relevant Web Resources:

      Cockatoo Species


      Sulphur-crested Cockatoos voicing
      MALE Yellow-tailed Black Cockatoo

      Cockatoo Species (Alphabetic Listing):

      Abbott’s Lesser Sulphur Crested Cockatoos Solombo besar, Medium sulphur-crested Cockatoos, Abbott’s Medium Sulphur-crested Cockatoos

      Bare-eyed or Little Corella Cockatoos

      Black Cockatoos:

      Blue-eyed Cockatoos

      Carnaby’s White-tailed Black Cockatoos

      Citron Cockatoos aka Citron-crested or Sumba Cockatoos

      Ducorp’s Cockatoos aka Ducorps Cockatoos or Salomonenkakadu

      Eleanora Cockatoos aka Greater Sulfur Crested Cockatoos, Medium Sulphur Crested Cockatoos

      Galah or Rose-breasted Cockatoos / Roseate

      Sub-species: Western Galah / Roseate Cockatoos

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        Gang Gang Cockatoos

        Glossy Black Cockatoos

        Goffin’s Cockatoos

        Great White Cockatoos

        Leadbeater’s or Major Mitchell’s Cockatoos aka Pink Cockatoo


        • Fitzroys Cockatoos aka Mathew’s Cockatoos
        • Mathew’s Pink Cockatoos

        Lesser Sulfur Crested Cockatoos

        Little Corella Cockatoos

        Little Major Mitchell’s Cockatoos

        Little- or Short-billed Corella Cockatoos

        Long- or Slender-billed Corella or Slender-billed Cockatoos

        Long-billed Black Cockatoo, also known as the White-tailed or White-eared Black Cockatoo or Baudin’s Black Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus baudinii)

        Major Mitchell’s Cockatoos

        Medium Sulphur-crested Cockatoos

        Moluccan or Salmon-crested Cockatoos

        Palm Cockatoos Cockatoos aka Black Palm Cockatoos


        • Goliath Palm Cockatoos aka Greater Palm Cockatoos
        • Van Oort’s Palm Cockatoos
        Gang Gang Cockatoo

        Philippine Cockatoos

        Red-tailed, Bank’s or Banksian Black Cockatoos


        • Gould’s Red-tailed Black Cockatoos
        • Little Red-tailed Black Cockatoos

        Red-tailed Black-Cockatoos

        Sub-species: Mathew’s Red-tailed Black Cockatoos

        Red-vented or Philippine Cockatoos

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          Rose-breasted / Roseate Cockatoos

          Salmon-crested Cockatoos


          Solombo Besar

          Solomon Island Cockatoos

          Short-billed Black Cockatoos

          Slender-billed Cockatoos

          Sulphur-crested Cockatoos


          • Greater Sulfur-crested Cockatoos
          • Middle Sulphur-crested Cockatoos

          Sumba Cockatoos

          Timor Cockatoos / Timor Sulphur-crested Cockatoos

          Triton Cockatoos

          Umbrella Cockatoos aka White Cockatoos, Umbrella Crested Cockatoos

          Western Corella

          White-tailed or White-eared Black Cockatoo, also known as the Baudin’s Black Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus baudinii)

          White-tailed Black or Carnaby’s Cockatoos

          White / White-crested Cockatoos

          Yellow-eared Black Cockatoo aka Yellow-tailed Black Cockatoos

          Sub-species: Tasmanian Yellow-tailed Black Cockatoos

          More Cockatoo Resources:

          Beauty Of Birds strives to maintain accurate and up-to-date information; however, mistakes do happen. If you would like to correct or update any of the information or even submit an article or pictures, please contact us. THANK YOU!!!

          The Taxonomy of Cockatoos


          Order: Psittaciformes

          Family: Cacatuidae

          Subfamily: Microglossinae

          Subfamily: Calyptorhynchinae

          Subfamily: Cacatuinae

          Subfamily: Nymphicinae

          Family: Psittacidae (parrots, over 330 species)

          Other Relevant Web Resources:

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